Technology | Research Institutes | Journals


Technology Sociology is a technical course that examines how culture and social structures influence the preparation and use of innovation and how technology in turn affects social and cultural participation.



  • Academy of Management: Technology & Innovation Management Division 
    The major topics of interest of the Technology and Innovation Management Division of the Academy of Management include: studies of the innovation process (innovation diffusion and the development, implementation, and use of technological innovations such as office automation); organizational processes by which technically oriented activities are integrated into organizations; behavior and characteristics of scientists, engineers, and other technical professionals; technological forecasting; the flow of technical knowledge; organization and management of research and development projects and the behavior of project teams; and studies of scientific and engineering-based organizations, industrial R&D; laboratories and research units in other organizations.
  • Adviesraad voor het Wetenschaps- en Technologiebeleid (AWT) 
    The Dutch scientific Advisory Council for Science and Technology Policy is the central advisory body in the Netherlands on governmental policy making in the field of science and technology. Dutch and English version.
  • Alliance for Public Technology (APT)
    A nonprofit organizations based in Washington, DC., USA, that wants to foster access to affordable and useful information and communication services and technologies by all people.
  • American Sociological Association - Section on Science, Knowledge, and Technology (SKAT) 
    The purpose of this section is to promote scholarly research and professional activity relating to sociology, science, knowledge, and technology.


  • Bannister, Robert C. [1988]
    The case of William F. Ogburn
    Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Society.
  • Benschop, Albert (University of Amsterdam, Netherlands)
    An electronic book on the relation betwee technology, labor, and organization.
  • BioTech (University of Texas at Austin, USA) 
    The goal of this site is to enrich the public's knowledge of biology and chemistry. The site contains an illustrated science dictionary, a chaemical acronyms database, science resources, educational guides, professional resources, literature resources, Internet searching tools, and bioinformatics resources.
  • Biotechnology Information Center (BIC) 
    One of ten information centers at the National Agricultural Library of the US Department of Agriculture (ARS). BIC provides access to a variety of information services and publications covering many aspects of agricultural biotechnology.
  • Books On-line: Technology - Editor: John Mark Ockerbloom.



Friedewald, Michael / Lang, Jürgen (Aachen Technical University, Germany)
Why New Technologies are Old


History of Science / Science Studies - Reference sources collected by Doug Stewart. 
The collection includes bibliographic guides and handbooks; specialized indexes for history of science; dictionaries, encyclopedias, and chronologies; biographical sources; guides to scientific periodicals; library, archival and manuscript collections; bibliographies.


International Committee for the History of Technology (ICOHTEC) 
Founded as the Cold War was being waged with particular bitterness between the nations of the Eastern and Western Worlds. The intent was to provide a forum where scholars of both sides might meet and communicate about matters of mutual interest in the history of technology.


  • Kearl, Michael (Trinity University, Texas, USA)
    Society and Technology
    The fruits of scientific inquiry and technological innovation rank as the premier shapers of the human condition over the past two centuries. Among the numerous sociological strategies for approaching the relationships between science and technology with self and society is to examine the world views of different generations. On this page the American's perspectives of science is explored.
  • Keel, Robert (University of Missouri - St. Louis, Department of Sociology)
    Society and Technology - A course


  • National Science & Technology Week 
    This year's focus is designed to help children explore and understand the myriad ways we communicate with one another. The NSTW Online site provides teachers, parents, and youth leaders with hands-on teaching activities that coincide with this year's theme (as well as those for the past two years). The goal of the project is to teach children how to observe real-world phenomena, analyze variables, draw conclusions, and evaluate findings. Another feature here, designed 'just for kids', is "Ask a Scientist or Engineer," where kids can submit questions, and browse or search questions and answers from previous years.
  • NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    They can build rockets, but their website is almost as good. Informative stories on the Hubble Space Telescope, the Chandra X-ray Observatory, and on NASA's interstellar spacecrafts (Pioneer, Voyagers).


Popular Science 
The year's 100 greatest achievements in science and technology. You'll get information on audio & video, auto tech, aviation & space, computers & software, electronics, photography, and more. Did you ever ask yourself "how much does the earth weigh?", "what make glow-in-the-dark plastics glow?" or "do our palms tan?". You might find the answers on this site. You can bring in your own questions, and they'll try to find an answer.


  • Science Odyssey, A 
    Here you can learn what we knew in 1900 and what we know today, meet scientists who made the twentieth century history, try cool activities (like atom builder, probe the brain), search a databank of biographies of scientists and descriptions of key events and discoveries, look voor resources for educators and much more.
  • Science, Technology and Society (STS) - Univ. of Alberta.
    Resources for students who want to examine science and technology as social and cultural phenomena.
  • Science, Technology and Society
    Information, resources, activiteits and dates from the Nebraska Department of Education. Editor: John Lefeber.
  • Society for the History of Technology (SHOT) 
    A nonprofit, independent, interdisciplinary organization, concerned with the history of technological devices and processes and with the relations of technology to politics, economics, labor, business, the environment, public policy, science, and the arts. The site provides information on Shot, publications and very usefull references on the history of technology (including a list of course syllabi).
  • Stichting Toekomstbeeld der Techniek (SST) - Netherlands Study Centre for Technology Trends
    The mission of this centre is to evaluate technological trends from the viewpoint of the engineering sciences and to explore their interaction with other developments in society as a whole. Dutch & English version.
  • Syntens 
    The aim of the Dutch innovation centers is to make technological knowledge accessable and to stimulate the technological innovation in Dutch enterprises.


  • Technology 
    An annotated collection of links on modern computer technologies. CMC Information Sources. Editor: John December.
  • Technology 
    Allyn & Bacon's Sociology Links. Concentrated on computers and internet, on mass media, techno-industries.
  • Technology Portal - NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)
  • Technology Transfer - National Cancer Institute in the USA
  • TechnoScience 
    Newsletter of the Society for Social Studies of Science (4S). To find out the latest news and debates in de science studies world, subscribe to the sci-tech-studies by sending the e-mail message "sybscribe sts" to: [email protected].


Voice of the Suttle: Science, Technology, & Culture 
A collection of links, by: Alan Liu (Univ. California, USA).


  • Whole Cloth: Discovering Science and Technology Through American Textile History 
    An interdisciplinary curriculum of the Society for the History of Technology (SHOT) that examines the history of textiles, the technology and science of production, and their consumption.The modules drop in and connect to the traditional American history, American Studies, and American Social History courses as taught in middle and high schools. Each unit contains hands-on activities and handouts for students, lesson plans and notes for teachers, glossaries, and bibliographies.
  • World of Discovery
    A combination of the expeditions from Discovery Channel and TLC. The site contains comprehensive guides from ancient history to space travel and health.

Technologial Determinism

Computer History

  • Alan Turing
    The home page of Alan Turing [1912-1954, founder of computer science, mathematician, philosopher, codebreaker, strange visionary and a gay man before his time. Turing held that computers would in time be programmed to acquire abilities rivalling human intelligence. A great site, created by Adrew Hodges.
  • Brader, Mark [1994]
    A Chronology of Digital Computing Machines (to 1952)
    A page that traces the sequence of the most important steps in the development of the computer, and in the earlier development of digital calculators without programmability.
  • Charles Babbage Institute (CBI)
    A research center at the University of Minnesota (USA) dedicated to the preservation of the history of information processing. In 1839 Charles Babbabe designed and developed the first true mechanical digital computer, which he described as a "difference engine," for solving mathematical problems including simple differential equations.
  • Computer Industry History 
    A large collection of links relating to computer history. Presented by the Electronic Software Publishing Corporation.
  • Computer Musea
  • Cybercinema
    A site devoted to the history of computers and artificial intelligence in film.
  • ENIAC Virtual Museum
    In 1946, a group of scientists and engineers at the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School of Electrical Engineering inaugurated a revolutionary way of managing information. They called it the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer). It spanned 150 feet in wdth with twenty banks of flashing lights indicating the results of its computations. ENIAC could add 5,000 numbers or do fourteen 10-digit multiplications in a second. It gave rise to the modern computer industry and would eventually transform people's lives to a degree that even its inventors could nog have imagined.
  • Kaplan, Erez
    Calculating Machines
    The history of computing goes a long way back with devices and methods of calculation. It started with the ancient Abacus, the logarithms and the slide rule, the mechanical calculating machines, the electromechanical calculators and finally the electronic computer. This site deals mainly with the mechanical calculating machines from a collector's point of view.
  • Polsson, Ken [1995-2000]
    Chronology of Events in the History of Microcomputers [1947-2000]
  • SiliconBase 
    Silicon Valley companies contribute to SiliconBase, a multimedia archive on the history of computers, microelectronics, and Silicon Valley based at the Information Technology & Society Project of Stanford University (USA).
  • Smithsonian Computer History
    A selection of materials from the Division of Computers, Information & Society, National Museum of American History.
  • The Tech Museum of Innovation
    The Revolutionaries
    Interview series that explores the stories of Silicon Valley's innovation and inspiration.
  • Triumph of the Nerds
    The companion site for the PGS television special "Triumph of the Nerds: The Rise of Accidental Empires." Learn in vivid detail how youthfull amateurs, hippies and self-proclaimed nerds accidentally changed the world. The site offers a brief timeline outlining the history of the personal computer and the people that shaped it, stats and facts about some of the nerds, and a transcript from the television program.
  • Weyhrich, Steven [1991-1998]
    Apple II History
  • Winegrad, Dilys /Akera, Atsushi [1996]
    A Short History of the Second American Revolution
    In: Almanac 42(18), January 1996. Article on the history and meaning of the ENIAC.

Research Institutes

  • Canadian Remote Sensing Society (CRSS) 
    You can learn, for instance, how remote sensing in the colleges and universities works.
  • Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (CISTI) 
    One of the world's leading sources for scientific, technical and medical information. But you won't find much of their resources online.
  • Centre for Science and Technology Studies - Leiden, Netherlands
    A centre for scientific research in matters concerning scientific and technological development. CWTS specializes in advanced quantitative analysis of science and technology performance and the cognitive and organizational structure of science and technology. It is an interdisciplinary research institute housed within the Faculty of Social Sciences.
  • Cornell - Explorations [Moved to ??]
    The Cornell Theory Center is an interdisciplinary research center to provide a national focal point for using high performance computing as a tool to accelerate the solution of scientific, engineering, and industrial problems, while at the same time advancing the basic and applied research that underlies that universal tool. CTC's online science book, Explorations, is intended to be an interactive journey into the world of computational research for a wide range of viewers. The design of Explorations is based on the concept of an online book and its development has been an adventure in publishing as well as in science communication. In addition it offers links to major science media and other sources of science news on the Internet, as well as a collection of interesting science-related sites aimed at helping web surfers in their online explorations. Readers can also subscribe to free weekly e-mail bulletins that summarize the top science news stories of the past week.Created by Canadian-American science writer/editor Dan Hogan and his wife Michele Philpot.
  • IKE Group - Aalborg University, Denmark
    The IKE Group does research on economic, technical and institutional change.The main research themes includes economic evolutionary modelling, the theory of the firm, national systems of innovation, international trade and competitiveness and the interplay between economic and ecological issues.
  • Institut für Wissenschafts- und Technikforschung (IWT) 
    Institute for science and technology research at the University of Bielefeld.
  • MERIT - Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology 
    Economic research on innovation and technological change, online publication of working papers.
  • Science and Technology Studies at Edinburgh 
    The University of Edinburgh is one of the leading UK centres for research into the social character as well as the social and economic implications of science and technology.
  • Science & Technology Studies - Virginia Tech, USA.
    Research on the relations between science, technology and society.
  • Smithsonian Institution - Office of Information Technology - Washington, DC, USA
    A fully integrated, cross-referenced presentation of the Institution's sites, people & resources. Offers more than 1,500 pages, 3,000 photographs, video and audio clips. The Smithsonian Computer History section includes an on-line slide show of their "Information Age" exhibit and the text of oral histories they are collecting from people who are the innovators of the computer era.
  • SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit - Univ. of Sussex at Brighton, UK. 
    The institute concentrates research and teaching on issues relating to scientific discovery and technical change since 1966. Fields of inquiry that are central are: the nature and determinants of scientific research, technological development, and the adoption and diffusion of innovations; the effective management of research, development and innovative activities; the social, economic, environmental and security consequences of technical change and the implications for public policy.
  • STEP Group - Studies in Technology, Innovation & Economic Policy (Oslo, Norway).

Journals and Magazines

  • Science Daily 
    A free online magazine that brings you breaking news about the latest discoveries and research projects in everything from astrophysics to zoology. The articles are actually news releases submitted by leading universities and other research organizations around the world. Each news release is posted in its original form, with a contact name and link to the organization's home page.
  • Technology and Culture 
    The International Quarterly of the Society for the History of Technology. A scolarly journal dedicated to the historical study of technology in its relationships with society and culture. Table of contents and some selected essays and reviews.

Science Museums

Google Scholar - Stand on the shoulders of giants

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