Power: Conflict and War


Sociology of Power is a substance or person's ability to control or facilitate others, though expert is sway that is predicated on observed credibility.

It will publish internationally recognized scholarly work on contemporary issues in citizenship, human rights and democratic processes from an interdisciplinary perspective covering the fields of politics, sociology, history, philosophy and cultural studies. 

In this topic, we talk about:  Power & Politics , War & Peace  ,  TeleDemocracy , CyberWar ,  Conflict & Cooperation ,  CyberTerrorism ,  Social Movements

Sociology of Power and Politics



Citizenship Studies 
A new journal, published by Carfax Publishing, and edited by Bryan S. Turner. It will publish internationally recognized scholarly work on contemporary issues in citizenship, human rights and democratic processes from an interdisciplinary perspective covering the fields of politics, sociology, history, philosophy and cultural studies. Upcoming special issues include Islam and Women, International Relations, Feminist Theory and Rights, and Cities and Citizenship.


  • FIRST — Facts on International Relations and Security Trends
    A free service voor politicians, journalists, researchers and the interested public. It is a jount project of the International Relations and Security Network (ISN) and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). The database contains documented information from research institutes around the world.
  • Foundations of Political Theory 
    Organized Section of the American Political Association (APSA). The site includes links to online texts of political philosophy, courses in political science, and theorists.


  • Government, Law and Society 
    Resources from the English Server, Includes classical resources (Machiavelli, Hobbes, Mill) and modern themes (Foucault, Habermas). Also links to documents on (inter)natinal conflicts and liberation movements.
  • Government Resources on the Web - University of Michigan Libraries Documents Center. 
    A comprehensive coverage of international, national, state, and statistical governmental information. Includes a "Documents in the News" to inform you on new government actions and web sources related to them.


  • H-Net Discussion Network 
    A listing of discussion lists on topics related to politics and political science. H-Net is an international interdisciplinary organization of scholars and teachers dedicated to explore and develop the educational potential of the internet. The computing heart of the H-Net resides at Matrix, The Center for Humane Arts, Letters, and Social Sciences (Michigan State University).



  • ¡Ya Basta! - Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional (EZLN)
    The Zapatista rebels in the Chiapas region of southern Mexico use Web sites and newsgroups to call for support for their struggle for land reform. Jose Angel Gurria (Mexico's Foreign Minister) acknowledged that the government had been forced into half-hearted negotiations with the insurgents only because of the power of local and global public opinion mobilised by the Net. The EZLN site was put together in order to provide reliable information on the Zapatista uprising and serve as a mouthpiece for the Zapatistas in cyberspace. Many people from Mexico and elsewhere have used it as a resource. Includes a list of Zapatita solidarity sites. More info in the The Zapatistas and the Electronic Fabric of Struggl by Harry Cleaver (University of Texas at Austin, USA).




  • Online Resource Guide to Political Inquiry 
    A research tool for students, academic researchers and the general public. The site aims to serve as a springboard for inquiry into a range of political issues. The main focus at present are 23 sets of links that have been divided by institutional and issue-based theme. They are supplemented periodically by sets of links on specific themes. Editor: Michael Dartnell (Centre for International and Security Studies and Department of Political Science, York University, Ontario, Canada).



  • Political Game Theory 
    Games that abstract the “essence” of various forms of political interaction. Editor: Geoff Wong (Department of Computer Science, RMIT University Melbourne, Australia).
  • Political Resources on the Net 
    Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world. Presented by: Agorà Telematica. Editor: Roberto Cicciomessere.
  • Political Science Research and Teaching Discussion List - PSRT-L 
    A moderated discussion list on the internet which deals with issues of interest to professional political scientists, both researchers and teachers. Submissions from all subfields of political science as well as related disciplines are encouraged.
  • Political Science Resources - Richard Kimber (University of Keel, UK). 
    A gateway to most significant sources relevant to political science: Official Government web sources; Information about Governments; Constitutions, Treaties and Official Declarations; Elections and Electoral Systems; Political Parties, Interest Groups and other political movements; Political Thought, Area Studies, Local and Regional Government; International Relations; Collections of Social, Economic and other data; Journals, Magazines, and Newspapers; Bibliographic Tools; and other politics servers.
  • Political Science Resources - Dan Tsang (University of California, Irvine, USA) 
    Includes, general, reference, elections, california state government, US and Canadian politics and parties, data sources, public policy, and more.
  • Political Science Resources on the Web - University of Michigan, Documents Center
    A large and well structured guide on political science. The site includes a Documentation Center, a central reference and referral point for government information (local, state, federal, foreign and international).
  • Political Science Resources on the Web 
    Presented by the Political Science Department of the Trinity College.
  • Political Scientist's Virtual Library 
    Links to Departments of Political Science and Government, Libraries, Journals and Collections of Papers, Research Institutions, Non-Profit Organizations and Government Agencies, Some FTP Servers, News Groups, ListServs, and Related Fields.
  • Politikon
    A Brazilian contribution by Alvaro Bianchi (Political Science at Universidade Metodista de São Paulo). The site contains information on his research work: political theory, contemporary political process, and political and economy.
  • Ponsioen, Arnout (Utrecht, Netherlands)
    A Dutch study on the electronic struggle of the Zapatistas in Mexico.


  • Russian Newsroom
    Daily updated resrouce of Russian news in English. Featuring: Russia against terror, Russian military analysis, political plots of the week, russian elections. Maintained by WPS Russian Media Monitoring Agency.




  • WWW Virtual Library: International Affairs
    Over 2400 carefully selected and annotated links in 37 international affairs categories. Edited and maintained by Wayne A. Selcher (Dept. of Politica Science, Elizabethtown College, USA).


  • Benschop, Albert (Univ. of Amsterdam, Netherlands) TeleDemocratie
    Article on the possibilities and limits of teledemocracy.
  • Barbrook, Richard
    Electronic Democracy - Politics in Cyberspace 
    We know that technology cannot cure political or social problems by itself, but that it can be used to reinforce human solutions. "Back in the late-eighteenth century, republican philosophers called for the creation of an informed citizenry who would possess the knowledge needed to make those political decisions affecting their own lives. Maybe, as we enter the twenty-first century, the Net will help to realise this democratic ideal for the first time." Barbrook argues that despite its limitations, the Net can still improve the dissemination of political information and improve the accountability of elected representatives.
  • Basic Readings in U.S. Democracy
    A great collection of the highlights of American democracy. The readings are primarily excerpts from original documents: from the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the US, the Seneca Falls Declaration, to the Unived States v. Nixon and excerpts from Presidential Debates.
  • The Bell
    A newsletter on internet voting and collaborative decision-making.
  • California Internet Voting Task Force [2000] 
    A Report on the Feasibility of Internet Voting
    A study on the feasibility of usering the internet to conduct elections in California. Experts in the field of data security, elections and voter participation were asked to contribute in the development of this report.
  • Clift, Steven
    Democracy is Online
    Cober article for the OnTheInternet magazine from the Internet Society. Steven's site contains a lot more original material on cyberdemocracy.
  • Democràcia Electrònica (Barcelona, Spain) 
    A Spanish project on electronic democracy.
  • Democracy Online 
    Promoting the development and sustainability of online civic participation and democracy efforts around the world through experience, outreach, and education. The goal is to build a strong foundation for improving democracy as democracies around the world converge with information networks. The project's secretariat is housed by the Center for Democracy and Citizenship at the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota, USA.
  • EFF - The Electronic Frontier Foundation 
    The EFF is fighting to protect civil liberties in the digital society. EFF was founded in 1990 and is based in San Francisco, California, with a satellite office in Washington, DC.
  • European Parliamentarians Internet Group (E-PING!)
  • International Teledemocracy Centre (ITC)
    The ITC — an initiative of the Napier University and BT Scotland — develops and applies advanced information and communication technology to enhance and support the democratic decision-making process. ITC demonstrates how technology can contribute to more openness and accessibility in government. On the site you will find a great collection of publications on teledomocratic issues.
  • Instituut voor Publiek en Politiek (IPP)
    Interactief Beleid
    Introduction into TeleDemocracy (Dutch only)
  • Ito, Joichi [2003]
    Emergent Democracy
  • Jager, Wiebe de
    The Evolution of Democracy
    A Ph. D research program on democracy as a complex system.
  • Jankowski, Nick / Leeuwis, Cees /Martin, Peter / Noordhof, Margreet / Rossum, Jeffrey van [June 1997] (University of Nijmegen, Netherlands)
    Teledemocracy in the Province
    An experiment with Internet-based software and public debate.
  • London, Scott (april, 1995)
    Teledemocracy vs. Deliberative Democracy: A Comparative Look at Two Models of Public Talk
    Journal of Internersonal Computing and Technology, 3(2): 33-55.
  • Minnesota e-democracy
  • Pels - Platform elektronisch stemmen
    A Dutch site on e-voting issues that contains some interesting articles on e-democracy.
  • Poster, Mark [1995] (Univ. of California, Irvine, USA)
    CyberDemocracy: Internet and the Public Sphere
  • QuickLinks - Electronic democracy
  • Rilling, Reiner
    Politische Netzkommunikation und Entscheidung
    Article on political communication and decision on the Internet.
  • Schoenmakers, Berry [2000] 
    Fully Auditable Electronic Secret-Ballot elections [pdf]
    Since the presidential elections in 1999 in het USA we know that counting a bunch of votes can be a tantalizing job. Electronic voting seems to make the counting of the voice a lot easier. How hard can it be to build an internet-based system which enables people to vote conveniently from their PC's, WAP phones, or other personal devices. However, if one wants to address ballot secrecy in a serious way the challenge is to guarantee vorters' privacy and cocrectness of the election result at the same time. How special-purpose cryptographic protocols help to achieve this goal is skillfully demonstrated in this paper.
  • TAN+N - Teledemocracy Action News + Network
    The site of the Global Democracy Movement is dedicated to the creative use of ICT and face-to-face deliberative techniques in all forms that directly empower citizens to have authentic input into political systems at all levels of governance around the world. TAN+N also cover other genuine pro-democratic movements, including those which promote direct democracy and those which struggle to gain, retain or transform representive democracy in the face of authoritarian or elitist power or from corrupting financial influences. The site contains a directory of all the projects and organizations that are part of the network, and
  • TeleDemocracy Center
    Organization For Community Networks (OFCN)
  • Thornton, Alinta (University of Technology, Sydney, Australia)
    Does the Internet Create Democracy? 
    A thesis on whether internet creates or contributes to democracy. It related the US internet and democracy debate to American communications theory (starting with Howard Rheingold). Some European theory is explored (including Habermas). She discusses whether the net really will create democracy in practice. The conclusion is that the Internet has the capacity to expand participative democracy in a revitalised public sphere, but an explosion of direct participatory democracy is highly unlikely to eventuate. The real opportunity for greater participation, democratic communication and a true revitalisation of the public sphere depends on the expansions of the Internet into middle-income groups, lower-income groups and women.

Conflict and Conflict Resolution

  • African Centre for Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD)
    Accord's mission is to train and educate people in new and innovative ways of resolving conflict, and to create forums and institutions for the expression of skills. The training and research programmes extend from community conflict resolution to international preventive diplomacy and peacekeeping.
  • Canadian Institute of International Affairs (CIIA)
    A platform for discussion, analysis and debate of international affairs. And some excellent links.
  • Center for Conflict Resolution (CCR) - Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford, UK.
    Research into international and local community conflict, peacekeeping and into the history of peace thinking and peace making. A foces has been placed on increasing understanding of how the various agencies of the international community can cooperate in order to improve opportunities for effective conflict resolution in situations of major armed conflicts, which have such a devastating impact on civilian populations.
  • Conflict resolution consortium - Colorado, USA 
    Research program about riscs, conflicts, negotiations and sanctions. Lots of information about crisis and conflict management.
  • Conflict Resolution Resource Center (CRRC)
    Provides an international databate of conflict resolution, articles and resources, events and organizations and a list of conflict resolution jobs.
  • Conflict Resolution, and Mediation
    Abstracts and ordering information for studies in Conflict Resolution and Mediation. From: Pew Case Studies in International Affairs, Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, Georgetown University.
  • Country Indicators for Foreign Policy (CIFP)
    Statistical information conveying the key features of the economic, politicial, social and cultural environments of countries around the world. The database can be queried by region, by issue area, by regional and global organization, and through the Quick Qery page. Don't forget to registaer first. The CIFP project is initiated by the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade and Norman Paterson School of International Affairs.
  • European Platform for Conflict Prevention (ECCP)
    A network of European non-governmental organisations involved in the prevention and/or resolution of violent conflicts in the international arena. It wants to facilitate the exchange of information and experience among participating organisations. The ECCP was founded in 1997 and in April 2006 it moved to The Hague. It looks to establish stronger ties with municipal efforts in the conflict prevention and peace building area, including with The Hague itself. The site contains a huge amount of information: country surveys, thematic essays, a newsletter, reports etc.
    The Initiative on Conflict Resolution and Ethnicity, a joint initiative of the University of Ulster and the United Nations University, is a central resource on the internet for conflict resolution and ethnic conflict. Contains resources on conflict resolution and ethnic conflict for academic researchers, policy-makers and practitioners. Includes the Conflict Data Service and Ethnic Conflict Research Digest.
  • Mediation Information and Resource Center (MIRC) - Information and resources on conflict resolution.
  • Program on Non-Violent Sanctions and Cultural Survival (PONSACS)
    The Harvard Program on Nonviolent Sanctions and Cultural Survival is a research program within the University’s Center for International Affairs. The research looks at situations of acute conflict in order to better understand the capabilities of nonviolent struggle in support of the human rights & civil liberties. Case studies complement the computer-assisted monitoring of emerging conflicts, with an emphasis on identifying conflicts before they erupt into violence. Includes a series of seminars (with synopses of the presentations), information on research, events, publications, and application procedures.
  • University of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation (IGCC) 
    A multi-campus research unit of nine UC campuses plus the Lawrence Livermore and Los Alamos national Laboratories, now offers system-wide information and publications. IGCC's system-wide structure enables it to draw from an large pool of specialists on virtually any topic. Research agenda includes: arms control & proliferation, regional relations, international environmental policy, international relations theory, and the domestic sources of foreign policy. One of the largest sources of dissertation and fellowship support on international studies in the country. Location: UC San Diego's La Jolla campus.

War and Peace: Strategic Studies, Security, International Relations and Politics

  • Academic Council on the United Nations System (ACUNS) 
    Provides links to a variety of organizations, publications, and institutions that are categorized by topic: Diplomacy, International Peace and Security; Disarmament & Non-proliferation; Human Rights; International Law; UN and Research Links; Nongovernmental Organizations; and more.
  • Anti-Oorlogsmuseum 
    A Dutch-Belgian anti-war museum. It wants to show us that war has become unacceptable in these days. An initiative of many cooperating peace organizations. Editor: Chris Geerse
  • Army Area Handbook
  • Arms Control Association 
    A national nonpartisan membership organization dedicated to promoting public understanding of and support for effective arms control policies, with fact sheets, background papers, full-text documents, arms control briefings, and Arms Control Today.
  • Arms Sales Monitoring Project (ASMP) 
    The American Federation of Scientists Fund focusses on U.S. government policy on arms sales and conventional weapons proliferation. It tries to restraint in global production and trade of weapons. The newsletter, Arms Sales Monitor of the Federation of American Scientists (AFS) reports on and analyzes U.S. government policies on conventional arms exports and military assistance.
  • Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC)
    A worldwide clearinghouse on practical conversion experiences and projects. BICC is an independent non-profit organization that supports and promotes the process by which people, skills, technology, equipment, financial and economic resources are shifted from the military or the defense sector towards alternative, civilian purposes.
  • Books On-line: Military Science and Naval Science
  • British American Security Information Council 
    (BASIC)An independent research organization thatÊanalyzes government policies in defense, disarmament, military strategy, and nuclear issues.
  • Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
    The Published by the not-for-profit Educational Foundation for Nuclear Science, and reporting on international security, military affairs, and nuclear issues. The site includes the famous Doomsday Clock (a design that conveys how close we are to destroying our civilization with dangerous technologies of our own making), the Natural Resources Defense Council Nuclear Notebook (facts and figures on the world’s nuclear arsenals) and other infomation about international security and nuclear issues.
  • Canadian Army Lessons Learned Centre (CALLC)
    The ALLC collects and analyses Canadian and Allied operational and training experiences foor dissemination as lessons learned.
  • Canadian Peace Support Operations Training (PSTC)
    The centre prepares Canadian Forces personnel for deployment anywhere in the world for peace support operation.
  • Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies (CISS)
  • Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict (CCPDC)
    Addresses the looming threat to world peace of intergroup violence and advances new ideas for the prevention and resolution of deadly conflict. It has a membership of eminent international leaders and scholars with long experience in conflict prevention and resolution. The Commission has examined the principal causes of deadly ethnic, nationalist, and religious conflicts within and between states and the circumstances that foster or deter their outbreak. Taking a long-term, worldwide view of violent conflicts that are likely to emerge, it seeks to determine the functional requirements of an effective system for preventing mass violence and to identify the ways in which such a system could be implemented. It looks at the strengths and weaknesses of various international entities in conflict prevention and considers ways in which international organizations might contribute toward developing an effective international system of nonviolent problem solving. CCPDC has published numerous excellent reports online, including their December 1997 Final Report, as well as links and a discussion forum.
  • Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
    One of the oldest international Thunk tank in the USA.
  • Centre for Military and Strategic Studies (CMSS) - University of Calgary, Canada 
    A Strategic Studies Program. Designed to provide academics, students, researchers, government officials and the general public with a research tool in the areas of Strategic Studies, Security, International Relations and Politics.
  • Clausewitz, Carl von [1780-1831]
    The Prussian military thinker Carl von Clausewitz is one of the most important classical strategic theorists. Here you can read his famous work On War [1932] in English and German. It includes an introduction by Christopher Bassford (National War College).
  • Conflict Information Consortium - University of Colorado at Boulder, USA.
  • Department of Intelligence (DOI) 
    The DOI aims to analyse the world’s issues and to constitute a high-quality team to help political or military leaders to make decisions or take actions. The International Center for Intelligence Studies (ICIS) is dedicated to the studies about intelligence.
  • Foreign Military Studies Office (FMSO) 
    A very large page with links to just about everything military. Great section on Foreign (non-US) military sites. Created by the Foreign Military Studies Office, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, USA. FMSO provides direct support to the senior U.S. Army and Department of Defense leadership and general support to the U.S. Army Combined Arms Center. FMSO's three major areas of concentration are geo-strategy, operational art and tactics, and operations other than war, including "grey-area" phenomena. It's mission is to research, write, lecture and publish from unclassified sources, in both English and original languages, about the military establishments, doctrine and operational and tactical practices of selected foreign armed forces and about a variety of transnational security issues affecting the U.S. military.
  • Gandhi 
    “Nonviolence is the greatest force at the disposal of mankind. It is mightier than the mightiest weapon of destruction devised by the ingenuity of man.” Editor: Lesslie Williams.
  • Gandhi, Mahatma
    The official Mahatma Gandhi eArchive.
  • Gandhi, Institute
    The M.K. Gandhi Institute for nonviolence promotes and applies the principles of nonviolence.
  • Gandhi Serve Foundation
    Provided by the charitable GandhiServer Foundation, Berlin (Germany). The site presents an impressive image archive of Mahatma Gandhi and India’s independence movement. In the ‘writings online’ section you should find all the writing of and on Ghandi on the internet.
  • Global Firepower (GPF)
    An analytical display of data concerning today’s world militar powers. It compares the relative military strengths of sixty-eight countries (nuclear capability is not taken into acount). The GPF ranking is based strictly on each nation’s potential conventional war-making capabilities across land, sea and aire while incorporating values related tot logistical, financial and geographical positions.
  • International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA)
    An inclusive network open to individuals, non-governmental organizations, community groupings and professional associations, which promote and respect human rights and support the aims, policy objectives and overall program of action of the network. The site contains a mission statement; campaign material; a list of participants; a calendar of events and the latest news; a document library with a substantial amount of information dealing with small arms and light weapens; and some links. “Small arms are the tools of death used by soldiers and civilians alike. They fuel and increase the lethality of conflicts; they are used in an indiscriminate manner to kill civilians of all ages, colors and persuasions; they are used to intimidate citizens and communities all over the world; they are the most lethal and frightening tools to express violence at home. The proliferation and unlawful use of small arms is one of the most serious humanitarian challenges for the next millennium.” IANSA has been created to facilitate NGO action aimed at enhancing human security by preventing the proliferation and misuse of small arms. In so doing it will advance action to stem the supply of, and reduce the demand for, small arms.
  • International Affairs Resources (IAN) - WWW Virtual Library 
    Resources on International Affairs, Foreign Policy, and Peacekeeping. The resources are structured by type, by source, and by topic. Editor: Wayne A. Selcher (Dept. of Political Science, Elizabethtown College, USA)
  • International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms (IALANA) 
    Updates and relevant documentation about the effort of this NGO to achieve the abolition of nuclear weapons through legal methods.
  • International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL)
    Information on the landmines problem, visual examples of the indiscriminate destruction they cause, and how to solve the problem, and information on the campaign to ban landmines. "Landmines are now a daily threat in Afghanistan, Angola, Bosnia, Cambodia, Chechnya, Croatia, Iraq, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Somalia, and dozens of other countries.Ê Mines recognize no cease-fire and long after the fighting has stopped they continue to maim or kill.Ê Mines also render large tracts of agricultural land unusable, wreaking environmental and economic devastation.Ê Refugees returning to their war-ravaged countries face this life-threatening obstacle to rebuilding their lives."
  • International Relations and Security Network (ISN)
    A daily updated electronic clearinghouse for resources in the field of security and defense studies, peace and conflict research, and international relations. The service is organized in a subject and a regional listing, contains a current issues page and links to related research institutions. Maintained by the Center for Security Studies and Conflict Research at the ETH Zurich, in conjunction with the Euro-Atlantic Foundation, Brussels, and EINIRAS. Supported by the Swiss Government.
  • International Security Policy and Military Affairs: Information Sources - Lehman Library, Columbia University. 
    A selective guide to library materials and Internet resources on international security policy and military affairs.
  • Koninklijk Instituut voor de Marine (KIM)
    The Royal Institute of the Navy in the Netherlands.
  • Koninklijke Militaire Academy (KMA)
    The Royal Military Academy in the Netherlands.
  • Military Education Research Library Network (MERLN)
    A site of military education libraries cooperation in collecting, organizing and sharing educational resources.
  • Missile Threats & Responses resource base - Centre for Defence & International Security Studies, Lancaster University 
    Contains an extensive body of information on missile technology and missile defences.
  • National Defense University - U.S.A.
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) 
    NATO Defense College: Research Aids and Resources
  • Netherlands Institute of International Relations ‘Clingendael’
  • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    The largest regional security organization in the world with 55 participating states from Europe, Central Asia and North America.
  • Paix et sécurité internationales (PSI)
    ISP is a university research center bringing together experts who are inrested in several dimensions of international security, peachkeeping and military interventions.
  • Peace, Conflict Resolution, and International Security - WWW Virtual Library 
    International Affairs Network (IAN) Web Resources. Editor: Wayne A. Selcher.
  • PeaceNet 
    A gateway to the progressive community onliny provides information and work for positive social change in the areas of peace, social and economic justice, human rights and the struggle against racism.
  • Pearson Peacekeeping Centre
  • Project on Defence Alternatives (PDA)
    Analysis of military affairs and policy in the light of post-cold war conditions. The project offers original analysis a well as worldwide military links and several issue pages with links to hundreds of full-text resources on military strategy, military transformation, terrorism, the Chinese military, and the Afghanistan was. It is a project of the Commonwealth Institute, a non-governmental public policy research organization located in Cambridge, Masschusetts, USA.
  • Répertoir PSI - Paix et Sécurité Internationales
    An annotated listing of sites on peace and international security, international and human rights.
  • Society for Military History
    Includes an interesting link page on military history.
  • SIPRI 
    Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. An independent international institute for research into problems of peace and conflict, especially those of arms control and disarmament. Established in 1966 to commemorate Sweden's 150 years of unbroken peace, financed mainly by the Swedish Parliament. The site provides global, regional, and country data on arms transfers and on wolrd military spending. It also provides a selection of documents related to multilateral arms transfers, a section on its Peacekeeping and Regional Security project and its work on European Security.
  • Spotlight on Military News 
    Canadian Forces College (range of Canadian and International media sources).
  • Strategic Studies Institute - US Army War College, Carlisle Barracks 
    The site includes a Peackeeping Blbliography compiled by Virginia Shope.
  • and the Web, The -U.S. Army War College Strategic Studies Institute, USA. 
    A downloadable assessment of and links to over 120 Internet sites dealing with world politics, national security policy, and military strategy.
  • Sun Tzu
    Art of War
    The oldest military treatise in the world. Translated from the Chinese by Lionel Giles, M.A. (1910). You can also download the same text with commentary: Gutenberg text. The site Sonshi.com provides personal and interactive support for the Art of War. It reveals how its strategies can be transferred to everyday life.
  • Swedish Peace and Arbitration Society (SPAS)
    The world's oldest and Scandinavia's largest peace organization. SPAS has about 7 000 individual members and some 40 local groups in Sweden. The organization is independent from the state and has no political or religious ties. SPAS's major aims are to ease tensions, speed up disarmament, forward the transference of military resources to development and support democratization.
  • Thucydides
    The Peloponnesian War
    Translation: Richard Crawley. See also the Sources for Thucydides presented by Terseus Tufts.
  • United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) 
    An autonomous institution within the framework of the United Nations established by the General Assembly for the purpose of undertaking independent research on disarmament and related issues.
  • United States Air Force Academy
  • United States Institute of Peace (USIP)
    Promotes education and training, research, and public information programs on means to promote international peace & resolve international conflicts without violence. Their site contains USIP general info, as well as information on research in progress & abstracts, list of free publications.
  • United States Military Academy at West Point
    The most famous military academy in the US, where the generals of the future are educated.
  • United States Naval Academy (USNA)
  • War & Peace
    War & Peace Foundation (New York, USA). Reports, updates, comment and book reviews on disarmament, nuclear issues, US & international politics. Provides: Mission Statement of the War & Peace Foundation, NGO Nuclear Abolition Caucus statement, The War & Peace Digest. Information that should help hasten an end to militarism, war and the causes of war.



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