Art in Cyberspace


The creation of works of art, their distribution and their effect on people are processes which can observed all through history. They represent a universal phenomenon of human society in action. As such they are open to sociological examination and imagination.

They are the object of a Sociology of Art.

Sociology of Art


The creation of works of art, their distribution and their effect on people are processes which can observed all through history. They represent a universal phenomenon of human society in action. As such they are open to sociological examination and imagination. They are the object of a sociology of art.
  • Aesthetic Realism, Ethics, & Literature
    Reports by Lynette Abel of Aesthetic Realism classes given by educator Eli Siegel on world literature commenting on society and showing the relation of art and life.
  • Aesthetics On-Line (AE) 
    The American Society for Aesthetics and its counterpart, the British Society for Aesthetics, present themselves. The site contains articles about philosophy and the arts, information about aesthetics events worldwide, and links to other arts, philosophy and aesthetics-related resources on the internet (including the aesthetics email list). Editor: Dominic M. McIver Lopes.
  • African Arts: Aesthetics and Meaning
    Exhibition of African art ranging from masks to figurines. Summaries outlining the cultural and artistic significance of the pieces is included. Presented by the Bayly Art Museum, University of Virginia.
  • The Age of Enlightenment in the paintings of France’s National Museums
    Includes a historical introduction (on the period between the death of Louis XIV, in 1715, and the coup d'état of the 18th Brumaire 1799, when the future emperor Nepoléon Bonaparte took power), a short graphical genealogy, paintings, and an index of artists.
  • Akman, Kubily
    Thirty Principles for a New Sociology of Art
    In: EuroArt, Winter 2006.
  • American Photography Museum
    Only in cyberspace you can find this museum. William Becker gives you a great opportunity to see thousands of photographs from the first 75 years of photography. If you get tired of surfing around, take a break at the museum café.
  • ANU Art History
    Over 120,000 images mainly from the Mediterranean Basin. Users can see only one image from each page, until you register and pay for the secure server. Somes of the images are organizes by country. You can also view a large project dealing with Borodudur, with more than 2.500 images and a VRML model.
  • Archives & Museum Informatics 
    Archives & A&MI; is the start-up of the Art Museum Image Consortium (AMICO), a not-for-profit association of insitutions with collections of art, that are creating a digital library of their holdings for licensing to educational users. One of their activities is to evaluate the best new museum sites on the Net.
  • Archives of American Art (AAA)
    The AAA is a branch of the Smithsonian Institution. It provides researchers with access to the largest collection of documents on the history of the visual arts. The collection includes more than thirteen million items in 5,000 collections. It includes personal papers of artists, dealers, critics, art historians, curators, administrators and the records of art dealers and museums. In addition, the AAA holds over 3,000 interviews conducted for its oral history program and about 1,000 photos of artists' collections.
  • Art Crimes - The Writing on the Wall
    Pictures of graffiti all over the world. You can search for special artists, or read interviews and articles on these ‘art crimes’. The listing of the best graffiti sites is very useful.
  • Art History
    A guide from about.com, edited by Andrea Mulder-Slater. Includes a beginners guide to the history of art: Art History 101. It outlines major Western art styles and periods with non-west styles included when appropriate. From Pleolitch, Msopotamian, Roman and Renaissance tot Expressionis, Cubism, Dada, Surrealism, Minimalism and Post-Modern.
  • ArtLex - Visual Arts Dictionary
    A glossary of more than 3,600 art terms with definitions, articles, illustrations, and links authored by Michael Delahunt (Arizona, USA).
  • Artingrid
    A collection of cyberart, gathered by Ingrid Kamerbeek. In her opinion the computer is the ideal tool to express creativity. No other tool enables such an immediate and spontaneous translation of emotions. The computer offers a direct line to the world of thoughts and life experiences, a connection from human to machine, almost a merging, which makes you forget time and space and let you dive into the mysterious depths of your being.
  • artnetweb
    An attempt to establish an art colony in cyberspace. A surprisingly and well-designed site that contains a collection of projects, readings, and exhibits. A place where you can stay for hours. Artnetweb is a network of people and projects investigating new media in the practice of art.
  • ArtsConnectEd - Tools for teaching the arts
    Provides access to works of art and educational resources from the Minneapolis Institute of Arts and Walker Art Center for K-12 educators, students, and scholars. With the Art Finder users can browse the museums’ digitalized items including Works of Art, Texts, Audio and Video, and Interactive Resources. The Art Collector empowers users to save, customize, present, and share items in Art Collector Sets.
  • Artsy
    A free online platform designed to connect users to art. The search engine and database draw connections and map relationships among works of art.
  • A Reader's Guide to the Arts of Japan
    An annotated bibliography, compiled by Sylvan Barnet and William Burto for the Asia Society, It contains over 450 references to print resources about Japanese art.



  • Celtic Art Cultures 
    This site was originally created for art history students at University of North Carolina (UNC), Chapel Hill and can now be used by any would-be student of Celtic Art. A multimedia database of Celtic-related images, maps, timelines, and vocabulary aids with spoken pronunciations. Images can be viewed by period, material, object, or country.
  • Communication Arts (CA)
    A site of the world’s largest magazine on creativity for graphic designers, art directors, copywriters, illustratorss and multimedia designers. A great site for all graphic designers.
  • Contemporary Art and New Media: Toward a Hybrid Discourse?
    A collection articles selected by Edward Shanken.
  • Cubitt, Sean (Slade School of Fine Art, UK)
    Digital Aesthetics
    A companion to the book of the same name, written by Sean Cubitt and published in 1998. One of the purposes of the site is to provide images discussed in the book.


  • Eckard, Donald P.
    Artists' Income and Gender: Schooling, Sexism, and Self-Sorting 
    In: Journal of the Sociology of Art.
  • EMAF - European Media Art Festifal - Osnabruck, Germany
  • Erickson, Ruth E.
    • [2011] From Brooklin (1973) to Brooklyn (2011): An interview with curator Ruth Erickson
      Erickson talks about a re-animation of Fred Forest’s Sociological Walk, which he first led for the 1973 Sao Paolo Biennial in the neighborhood of Brooklin. The walk is an active sociological study that seeks to produce new forms of engagement with an urban milieu through observation, conversation, and movement.
    • [2014] Assembling social forms: Sociological art practice in post-1968 France
      The first comprehensive study of sociological art, a movement and artist collective that developed in France following the upheavals of May and June 1968 and declined by the election of the Socialist François Mitterrand in 1981. Artists and critics associated with the movement sought to make art more responsive to the world by combining sociological methods and theory with new artistic currents and media. This dissertation identifies the dynamic and constitutive relationships between the emergence of sociological art and contemporaneous intellectual, social, and political changes. It examines the concurrent «cultural turn» in the social sciences and «social turn» in art and art history in the 1970s, methodological shifts that led to a dramatic re-conception of art.
  • EXPO
    A collection of images from the Library of Congress organized as museum exhibits. Tickets to the EXPO terrain are free.


  • Gedichten bij Kunst - Art Poems
    A very nice collection of Dutch poems on works of Vincent Van Gogh, Pieter Defesche, Marlene Dumas, Joan Miro, Paul Klee, Fra Filippo Lippi, Henri Rousseau, Jacob van Ruisdael, Rembrandt and Jan Theuninck. All these artists (and some more) have been selected for a gallery of ekphrastic poetry, realized by Dutch Boekgrrls. The poets are Joseph Brodsky, Robert Browning, Hein de Bruin , J.A. Emmens, Ida Gerhardt, Edith de Gilde, Jan Hanlo, Antjie Krog, Frans Kuipers, Joop Leibbrand, Ted van Lieshout, Lucebert, G.J. Resink, Felix Rutten, Christina Rossetti, K. Schippers en Jan Theuninck.
  • Getty Publications Virtual Library
    Free digital bakclist titels from the Getty Publications Archives. A great collection of art books with an overwelming amount of illustrations.
  • Google Art Project


Hertfordshire Visual Arts (HVA) - UK
A voluntary organisation for everyone in the visual and applied arts in Hertfordshire.


  • Inglis, David
    Thinking ‘Art’ Sociologically
    In: Inglis, David / Hughson, John (eds) [2003] The Sociology of Art - Ways of Seeing. London: Palgrave
    Like any other branch of sociology, the sociology of art is made up of different theoretical perspectives and empirical foci. Despite this, there is much broad agreement on many key issues amongst scholars of many different persuassions. Inglis emphasisess the points of convergence between different scholars and different perspectives to illustrate the set of generally shared ideas that together make up the sociological analysis of art.
  • Institute of New Media (INM)
    A virtual space exploration: scientific research in the visual environments of simulated model worlds an new media art. Frankfurt (Germany). Germnan and English version.


  • Mark Harden’s Archive 
    View thumbnail or large file formats of a long list of artists.
  • Martin, Peter J. [2004]
    Sounds and Society - Themes in the sociology of music
    Biddles: Norfolk
  • Morris, Rudolph
    What is Sociology of Art?
    In: The American Catholic Sociological Review, 19(4): 310-321
  • Monahan, Torin [2004]
    Digital Art Worlds: Technology and Productions of Value in Art Education
    In: Foundations in Art: Theory and Education in Review, 26: 7-15.
    An analysis of student conversations about the role of information technologies in art education. Drawing upon ethnographic research at arts high school, it is argued that information technologies challenge traditional forms of artistic creation, but – perhaps more importantly – they encourage students to question and reconstruct meanings and experiences of art. What students discuss as the “value” of art is constantly negotiated in tension with competing definitions of artistic purity, and this reveals the politics of exclusion at work in attributions of value. Through discursive and creative practices, students reference information technologies to establish themselves as a reflexive community that simultaneously consumes and produces cultural products and collective identities.


New Media Encyclopedia
The Centre Pompidou in Paris invites all the international Museums, Art Institutions, cultural website and all the people working in contemporary art to discover the New Media Encyclopedia. It is the first trilingual English-French-German catalogue of its kind freely available on-line. It is intended as a source of information, a tool for documentary research, and a scholarly work, but also a locus of debate on artistic practices related to the new media.

For this project, the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, the Museum Ludwig in Cologne, the Centre pour l'Image Contemporaine in Geneva and the Fonds national d'art contemporain have pooled information on their respective holdings in order to provide the international public with a reference work bringing together four major European collections. 

The catalogue is composed of 7000 pages of information, bibliographies, biographyies and theorical apparates. More than 600 artistes are present in the collection on-line; interviews and supplementary materials are connected, as well, for a more precise explication and understading of video pratice.


  • Paul, John
    Art as Weltanschauung: An Overview of Theory in the Sociology of Art
    Electronic Journal of Sociology, 2005.
    Offers a foundation for the sociological study of art. It is argued that art is Weltanschauung, or a window into the world through which we can identify and explore the social contexts of artistic forms. The traditional theoretical perspectives of the Functional, Conflict, and Interpretivist approaches are highlighted to ground a framework from which to study art sociologically.
  • Photography Collection - New York Public Library
    The collection contains almost 300,000 original photographic prints representing an international range of photographers. The collection's documentary focus encompasses social documentation, portraits, topographical views, cityscaps, and events in suubject areas that complement the bibliographic strengths of the Humanities and Social Sciences Library (CHSS).


Ruane, Joseph W.
Mobilization of the Arts
In: Journal of the Sociology of Art.
Sociologists have studies the world of art in identifying role differentiation, the deviance within jazz subcultures, the structures within which the artists survives, or the art world itself as the unit of analysis. This article concentrates on the commercial elements surrounding art.



  • Tanner, Jeremy (ed.) [2003]
    The Sociology of Art - A Reader
    London / New York: Routledge
    An introduction to the fundamental theoretical orientations which have characterised the sociology of art from its nineteenth-century origins, in Marxism, to contemporary contributions. Readings have been selected which are both representative of the major debates in the sociology of art and lend themselves most strongly to informing contemporary theoretical debates between art history and the sociology of art.
  • Turley, Alan C.
    Max Weber and the Sociology of Music
    Sociological Forum, 16(4): 633-653 (Dec. 2001)
    Fewer occupations or cultural projects are more social than making music. Weber’s Sociology of Music, which combines urban theory, class/labor theory, rationalization theory, and even climatic changes, is an excellent place to begin a thorough discussion of the social components of music.


Vincent van Gogh Information Gallery
A site that aims to be the most thorough and comprehensive Van Gogh resource on the internet. It contains more than 1900 pages and more than 1900 graphics. And that’s just the beginning. The site currently contains information about all of Van Gogh’s paintings, but this is really just the tip of the iceberg. The site includes biographical and chronological information, FAQs, a bibliography, related links, and an on-line forum. Editor: David Brooks.


  • Walker Art Center
    Experience an interactive statement conveying that this site is about creating a mentality of how to experience and perceive a virtual space. The collage of “Bits & pieces put together to present a semblance of a whole” hints to the fact that the space to be entered is an experience of bringing together scholars and creative performers who have already taken a path that leads to multidisciplinary presence. The visitor is invited to participate in a dialogue between different attitudes, and to integrate the more relevant insights into a new perspective. All The “Bit & Pieces” of the site have a special space for Introduction, Interviews and reactions. Walker Art Center is one of the online resources that is definitely a different approach.
  • Web Design (sociosite)
  • Weeks, Peter [2002] - St. Thomas University, Canada
    Sociology of Art and Culture
    A course in the sociology of art and culture, including a nice list of topics.
  • World Art Treasures
    100,000 slides of the J.-E. Berger Foundation are used to build a specific approach for each itinerary, emphasizing a specific and original trait in order to give birth to a true experience through the new technology.
  • World Wide Books
    Exihition Catalogues and Other Books on Art. A searchable and browsable database of more than 37,000 titles on art, architecture and photography systematically selected. It includes international museum and gallery catalogues published form the 1960 to the present and American trade and university press art books published since 1992.
  • WikipediaSociology of artAnthropology of artCyberartsDigital artNew media art


Museums & Online Galleries

General Guides

  • Global Museum 
    An international museum webzine.
  • Google Cultural Institute
    Discover exhibits and collections from museums and archives all around the world. Explore cultural treasures in extraordinary detail, from hidden gems to masterpieces.
  • Internet ArtResources: Museums
    Alphabetically ordered list of museums in the USA.
  • Museum Computer Network (MCN)
    A nonprofit organization of professionals dedicated to fostering the cultural aims of museums through the use of computer technologies. The core purpose of MCN is to foster innovation and excellence by supporting professionals who seek to transform the way their cultural organizations reach, engage and educate their audiences using digital technologies.
  • Society6 
    Society6 is one of the most active artist communities in the world. It empowers artists to make artwork immediately available for sale as a variety of products, without giving up control of their rights. The artwork on Society6 is created by hundreds of thousands of artists from around the world.
  • University Museums worldwide
    Compiled by the members of the ICOM committee UMAC (University Museums & Collections).
  • WebMuseum Network
    Find a museum next door, or on the other side of the globe. More than 10 million documents under your finger tips. Explore the famous paintings exhibition with great examples from all art art school from the Gothic Painting (1280-1515), the Italian Renaissance (1420-1600), the abstract expressionism, Pop Art and the Japanese Art.
  • Wikipedia: List of museums | List of most visited art museums in the world
  • World Museum Community - ICOM

Museums & Galleries in Africa & Middle East





Burkina Faso 



  • Babungo Museum - Ndop
    Art and cultural museum including permanent exhibitions on the myth, legend and history of the Kingdom, Society and religion, Arts and technics, and Artist and craftmen.
  • Baham Museum - Baham
    The collection includes major objects from the cultural and artistic heritage of the kingdom of Baham. The permanent exhibition «Baham: arts, memory and power» is organised in themes such as secret societies and religion; costumes and textile art; musical instruments; kings and dignitaries; maternity, fertility and war.
  • Bandjoun Museum - Bandjoun
    The museum has more than one hundred objects of the cultural and artistic heritage of Bandjoun, one of the main centres of artistic creation and tradition in the Cameroonian Grassland. They celebrate the pomp of the court of the kings of Bandjoun, the grandeur and the power of these monarchs and their retainers and the solidity of the institutions. They also materialize universal themes such as death, life, defeat, love, victory, power, prestige, occult forces etc.
  • Blackitude Museum - Yaoundé
    Ethnographic museum
  • Doual’art i - Douala  
    A non profit cultural organisation and art centre focussed on new urban practices of African cities.
  • Musa Heritage Gallery - Kumbo
    Museum with focus on the arts and crafts of Cameroon’s Western Grassfields. Information Centre on Arts and Culture and a Centre for Music.
  • Mankon Museau - Mankon-Bamenda
    The Museum presents cultural and artistic production of the Kingdom of Mankon of the high plateaux of Western Cameroon or the Grassland. The permanent exhibition «Arts, Heritage and Culture from the Mankon Kingdom» is organized in thematic sections such as the Kingdom; Art and Power; Costumes and Personal Ornaments; Musical instruments and Arms.
  • DirectoriesAfrica.com | Cameroonian artists |

Central African Republic 

Cape Verde 



  • Musée national des Comores - Moroni
    The museum is dedicated to the heritage and culture of the country. The thematic collections include: History, Art, Archeology and Religion; Volcanology and Earth Science; Oceanography and Natural Science; Social and Cultural Anthropology. The museum is part of the National Center of Documentation and Scientific Research (CNDRS). Two smaller regional museums on the islands of Anjouan and Mohéli are associated with main museum.
  • DirectoriesAfrica.com

Congo Brazzaville - Republic of the Congo 

Congo Kinshasa - Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cote d’Ivoire / Ivory Coast 

  • Museé des Civilisation de Côte d’Ivoire - Abidjan
    The museum’s collections encompass the material culture of the country: masks, statues, furniture, musical instruments, utensils, textiles, archaeological objects, and contemporary and other works. It features ethnological, sociological, artistic, and scientific exhibits.
  • DirectoriesAfrica.com


Equatioral Guinea

  • Museum of Modern Art (MOMART) - Malabo
    The museum shows traditional and contemporary artworks from across Africa and encompasses pieces by some of the regions best known creators.


  • National Museum of Ethiopia - Addis Ababa 
    A general collection of regional archaeology, history, and art.
  • St George Gallery - Addis Ababa 
    The first art gallery in the Addis Abeba. It promotes Ethiopian art and culture and supports artists and crafts people throughout the country.
  • DirectoriesAfrica.com



Guinea Bissau 





  • Assaraya Alhamra Museum - The Red Castle
    The museum houses some of the best of Libya's archaeological and historical heritage, including a spectacular collection of neolithic, prehistoric, Berber, Garamantian, Phoenician, Punic, Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Christian, Islamic and Turkish treasures, such as marble and stone statues and busts, columns, grave covers, tombs, pottery, oil lamps, mosaic panels, coins, glass, funerary monuments, colour photos of the various archaeological sites, fossilised and stuffed animals, dinosaur bones, and a model of the Red Castle itself.
  • Islamic Museum in Tripoli
    A museum of Islamic culture in very slow construction.
  • DirectoriesAfrica.com







  • Forbes Museum - Tangier
    Primarily dedicated to military battles of the past and includes an impressive collection of more than 115,000 lead model soldiers. The lead soldiers have been placed in various settings based on major battles that have occurred right through history. These lead soldiers re-enact battles like Waterloo and Dien Bien Phû in as realistic a manner as possible.
  • Tangier American Legation Museum (TALIM) - Tangier
    Display beautiful examples of art from the 17th century right through to present day.
  • DirectoriesAfrica.com


  • Maputo Natural History - Maputo
    The collection includes many artifacts (such as neon green watering holes and bleached elephant foetuses), descriptions of animal migration, ancient pottery, and a small ethnology exhibit.
  • DirectoriesAfrica.com





São Tomé and Príncipe



South Africa 

  • Apartheid Museum - Johannesburg
    Dedicated to illustrating apartheid and the 20th century history of South Africa.


  • DITSONG Museums of South Africa - Pretoria
    An amalgamation of eight national museums, seven in Tshwane and one in Johannesburg. These museums have diverse collections covering the fields of fauna and flora, palaeontology, military history, cultural history, geology, anthropology and archaeology.
  • IZIKO Museums of South Africa
    A combination of South Africa’s heritage collections. Includes the Social History Collections.
  • DirectoriesAfrica.com

South Sudan 






  • Bardo National Museum - Tunis 
    Holds the largest collection of Roman mosaics in the world including the famous mosaic representing Virgil, the poet.
  • Musée Archéologique de Sousse - Sousse 
    Contains pieces dating from the 6th century BC to the 6th century AD from both Islamic and Punic/Roman cultures.
  • Musée national d’art islamique de Raqqâda - Raqqada 
    Holds the country’s largest collection of Islamic art. This collection includes manuscripts of the Koran from the Great Mosque of Kairouan. The different styles of calligraphy and the richness of ornamentation of the manuscripts are exceptional.
  • DirectoriesAfrica.com


  • Uganda Museum  - Kampala 
    Displays and exhibits ethnological, natural-historical and traditional life collections of Uganda’s cultural heritage.


  • Uganda Martyrs Museum - Namugongo - Kampala 
    Displays artifacts that reflect the rich religious, cultural, social and political history of the Anglican church in Uganda. «The Blood and Ashes of Martyrs; The Seed of the Gospel» is a story of the storm of persecution and the Uganda martyrs. It depicts the story of torture, cruelty, blood thirst, yet ironically the story of unwavering faith in God.
  • DirectoriesAfrica.com

Western Sahara


  • Livingstone Museum - Livingstone 
    The oldest and largest of the four national museums in the country. The museum holds a vast archaeological collection among which is evidence from the biggest trade market in central Africa and excavated finding of prehistoric Broken Hill man. It also holds the largest collection of the biodiversity of Zambia as well as a rich ethnographic collection dating back to the early 20th century.
  • Lusaka National Museum - Lusaka
  • Moto Moto Museum  - Mbala
    An ethnographic museum that depicts various aspects of material culture of the people of Northern Zambia: initiation emblems, cultural diversity in terms of iron smelting, chieftainship, witchcraft and herbal medicine, food security, handicrafts, body ornaments and decorations, music and dance and traditional toys. The Pre-History Gallery displays two successive periods of human evolution and cultural development from the Stone Age to the Iron Age. The History Gallery tells the History of Zambia from around the Late Stone Age to the present.
  • National Museums Board
  • DirectoriesAfrica.com


Museums & Galleries in Asia




  • Cambodian Cultural Village (CVC) - Siem Reap
  • National Museum of Cambodia - Phnom Penh
    A temple to the nation’s heritage as the country’s largest archaeological and cultural history museum and home to many of the nation’s ancient treasures, some dating back to the 4th century.
  • Art Galleries
    • Bophana Center - Phnom Penh
      An audiovisual center located that restores, protects and enhances the Cambodian audiovisual heritage. This is done through the archiving of an ever-expanding film, sound and photography collection, which is freely accessible to the public.
    • Java Arts - Phnom Penh
      A platform for the development of contemporary visual arts in Cambodia.
    • Meta House - Phnom Penh 
      A large art gallery and media centre that actively supports Cambodian artists and promotes the development of contemporary art in Cambodia through local and international exhibitions, workshops, community-based projects, and artist exchange programs.
    • Romeet Contemporary Art Space - Phnom Penh 
      Specialised in progressive, contemporary art and promoting up-and-coming Cambodian artists.
    • Teo+Namfah Gallery - Phnom Penh
  • DirectoriesArt Galleries in Phnom Penh (Culture Trip)


  • Anhui Museum - Hefei, Anhui
    The museum has a massive (> 104.000) and comprehensive collection of cultural relics. It displays a great number of bronzes with the line of common usages, porcelains from the Western Zhou Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, delicate Hui-style architecture and many other valuable historical relics, such as jade and gold ornaments, weapons, dead stocks and relics of the Neolithic Age.
  • Artsy: China
  • Capital Museum - Beijing
    The museum houses a large collection of over 200,000 cultural relics: ancient porcelain, bronze, calligraphy, painting, jade, sculpture, and Buddhist statues from imperial China as well as other Asian cultures. The best academics in the country were employed to produce a high-tech exhibition using world-class museum display methods.
  • Cultural China: Arts
  • eChinaArt
  • Fujian Museum - Fuzhou, Fujian 
    The Museum holds more than 50,000 cultural relics, mainly including rare artworks, excavations and revolutionary documents. Most notable cultural relics include silk costumes unearthed in a Southern Song (1127-1279) tomb, a porcelain statue of Guanyin (a Bodhisattva of Compassion) produced in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), and paintings of masters in the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911).
  • Guangdong Museum - Guangzhou, Guangdong
  • Henan Museum - Zhengzhou, Henan 
    This history and art museum is one of the oldest and largest in China. The collection of more than 130,000 pieces of cultural relics through the ages, contains more than 5,000 pieces that are treasures of the first and second grades.
  • Hunang Provincial Museum - Changsha City, Kaifu
  • Jilin Provincial Museum - Changchun, Jilin 
    The museum houses a collection of more than 2,000 historical artifacts ranging from Wangfutun Man in Prehistoric Times (one million years before) to the Opium War (1839 - 1842). Included is a collection of calligraphic masterpieces and paintings by famous Chinese poets and painters in ancient times. The highlights are prehistorical relics, bronze ware of Shang Dynasty and Zhou Dynasty, jade ware and porcelain of the various dynasties in Chinese history, and music show featuring mock ancient Chinese instruments thousands of years ago.
  • Nanjing Museum - Nanjing City
  • Palace Museum - Beijing
  • Sanxingdui Museum - Guanghan City, Sichuan
  • Shandong Provincial Museum - Jinan, Shandong 
    The museum houses a collection of more than 210 000 historical artifacts. Highlights of the historical collection include relics from the neolithic Dawenkou and Longshan cultures, bronze artifacts from the Shang and Zhou Dynasties, stone carvings from the Han Dynasty, and paintings from the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
  • Shanghai Museum 
    A large museum of ancient Chinese art that boasts a collection of 140,000 precious relics, featuring bronzes, ceramics, paintings and calligraphy. houses several items of national importance, including one of three extant specimens of a ‘transparent’ bronze mirror from the Han Dynasty.
  • Virtual Museum of the “Cultural Revolution”
  • Wuhan Museum - Wuhan, Hankou 
    The museum houses a rich collection of over 100,000 cultural relics: ceramic, bronze ware, painting and calligraphy, jade ware, wood carving, enamel ware, seal etc. The highlights includethe bronze bells (bianzhong) excavated from the Tomb of Marquis Yi, and the lacquered drum stands (instruments used to call back souls after death).
  • Zhejiang Provincial Museum - Hangzhou, Zhejiang

Hong Kong 


  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya (CSMVS) - Mumbai
    One of the premier art and history museum in India. The museum has the art, sculpture, old firearms, rare coins and a priceless collection of antiques from pre-historic era.
  • Government Museum - Chennai
    The museum exhibits different varieties pertaining to geology, zoology and anthropology and botany. It has the largest collection of Roman antiquities outside Europe.
  • Government Museum and Art Gallery - Chandigarh
    Holds a very rich collection of Gandharan sculptures, Pahari and Rajasthani miniature paintings.
  • Indian Museum - Calcutta
    The earliest and the largest multipurpose museum in the Asia-Pacific region of the world. It includes galleries on archaeology, art, anthropology, geology, zoology and botany. It has rare collections of antiques, armour and ornaments, fossils, skeletons, mummies, and Mughal paintings.
  • National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA) - New Delhi 
  • National Museum - New Delhi
    One of the largest museums of India that holds more that 200,000 works of art, both of Indian and foreign origin. The museum houses a variety of collections that include jewelry, paintings, armors, decorative arts and manuscripts. In the Buddhist section one can find head of a Buddha statue, and Buddha Stupa having remnants of Gautam Buddha, constructed in 3rd century BCE by Sovereign Ashoka.
  • Salar Jung Museum - Hyderabad
    A repository of the artistic achievements of diverse European, Asian and Far Eastern countries of the world. The collection inclides sculptures, paintings, carvings, textiles, manuscripts, ceramics, metallic artefacts, carpets, clocks, and furniture from Japan, China, Burma, Nepal, India, Persia, Egypt, Europe, and North America.









  • Lingnan Fine Arts Museum - Taipei, Nangang 
  • National Palace Museum - Shilin
    The museum has a collection of more than 696,000 pieces of ancient Chinese imperial artifacts and artworks. The collection encompasses over 10,000 years of Chinese history from the Neolithic age to the late Qing Dynasty. Most of the collection are high quality pieces collected by China’s ancient emperors.
  • Museum of Contemporary Art (MoCA) - Taipei, Datong 


  • Chiang Mai National Museum - Chiang Mai 
    The main regional museum of the north traces the history of the region back to prehistoric times; featuring geographic history and Neolithic settlements but with a major focus on the history, culture and lifestyle of the Lanna Kingdom. The museum also covers the history since the end of the Lanna Kingdom and Chiang Mai becoming part of the Kingdom of Siam and then Thailand. Display cases filled with textiles, gold jewelry, pottery, ceramics, money and much more.
  • Rama IX Art Museum - Bangkok


  • Art Vietnam Gallery - Hanoi
    An international gallery featuring contemporary Vietnamese art: painting, sculpture, lacquer, photography, video, and prints.
  • Vietnam Fine Arts Museum
    Displays Vietnam’s art history, from the earliest periods through to modern 20th century movements. It includes ancient Champa stone carvings and some astonishing effigies of Guan Yin, the thousand-eyed, thousand-armed goddess of compassion. On display there also are some pieces from the most progressive period, the 1990s, when a group of contemporary artists labelled the ‘gang of five’ grabbed the international art world’s attention.

Museums & Galleries in Australasia


  • Art Gallery of New South Wales (AGNSW)) - Sydney
  • Australian Centre for the Moving Image (ACMI) - Melbourne
    ACMI celebrates, explores and promotes the moving image in all its forms - film, television and digital culture.
  • Melbourne Museum - Melbourne
  • Museum of Contemporary Art (MCA) - Sydney
    Dedicated to exhibiting, interpreting and collecting contemporary art, both from across Australia and around the world.
  • Museum Victoria
  • National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) - Melbourne
    The oldest and most visited gallery in Australia hosts a wide range of international and local artists, exhibitions, programs and events; from contemporary art to major international historic exhibitions, fashion and design, architecture, sound and dance. It has a vast treasury of more than 70,000 works that span thousands of years and a wealth of ideas, disciplines and styles.
  • Queensland Art Gallery (QAG) - Brisbane

New Zealand

Museums & Galleries in Europe






Bosnia & Herzegovina


Art Galleries







  • Bugada & Cargnel - Paris 
    Artists represented by the gallery are a mix of emerging and well-known.
  • Château de Versailles - Versailles 
    Museum of the History of France since the 19th century. The collections display painted, sculpted, drawn and engraved images illustrating events or personalities of the history of France since its inception.
  • Fondation Cartier pour l’Art Contemporain - Paris 
    The permanent collection bolsters the thread of artistic debuts, while innovations include the hugely popular Nomadic Nights, which focus on the performing arts, enabling a discourse between different creative genres and themes.
  • Galerie du Jour - Agnès B. 
    Features a mix of cherry-picked graffiti artists, painters, photographers and sculptors.
  • Galerie Laurent Godin - Paris
  • Galerie Yvon Lambert - Paris 
    Displays pioneering artists of conceptualism, minimalism and land art.
  • Grand Palais - Paris 
  • Jeu de Paume - Paris 
    Arts centre for modern and postmodern photography and media.
  • Louvre - Paris 
    The world’s most visited museum contains more than 380,000 objects and displays 35,000 works of art from prehistory to the 21st century. The collection includes: Egyptian, Near Easter, Greek, Etruscan and Roman antiquities; Islamic art; Sculpture; Decorative arts; Paintings, Prints and Drawings.
  • Louvre-Lens - Lens 
    An art museum that displays objects from the collections of the Musée du Louvre that are lent to the gallery.
  • La Maison Rouge - Paris 
    Features a spectrum of new contemporary artists,
  • La Maréchalerie - Versailles 
    The gallery prioritises artists whose work is dedicated to, or inspired by, ways of diverting or reconfiguring circumstantial urban constraints.
  • Millesime Gallery - Paris 
  • Modus Art Gallery - Paris 
    The collections are singular and unique, showcasing a range of styles, media and talents. This eclecticism is driven by the gallery’s notable presence at art fairs globally, which seeks to bring back the best to the historic centre of arts in France.
  • Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris (MAM) - Paris 
    A major municipal museum dedicated to Modern and Contemporary art of the 20th and 21st centuries. The collections include more than 10,000 works from art movements of the 20th century. Exhibitions highlight the European and international art scenes of the 20th century, as well as displaying monographic and thematic exhibitions of trends in today’s art.
  • Musée de l’Orangerie - Paris 
    An art gallery of impressionist and post-impressionist paintings. Most famous for being the permanent home for eight Water Lilies murals by Claude Monet. But it also contains works by Paul Cézanne, Henri Matisse, Amedeo Modigliani, Pablo Picasso, Pierre-Auguste Renoir and others.
  • Musée des Civilisations de l’Europe et de la Méditerranée (MuCEM) - Marseille 
    Devoted to European and Mediterranean civilisations.
  • Musée du quai Branly - Paris 
    A museum dedicated to the indigenous art and cultures of Africa, Asia, Oceania, and the Americas. The museum has 450,000 objects, of which 3,500 are on display at any given time.
  • Musée National d’Art Moderne - Paris 
    The national museum for modern art of France is housed in the Centre Pompidou in Paris. It has the second largest collection of modern and contemporary art in the world (after the Museum of Modern Art in New York), with more than 100,000 works of art by 6,400 artists from 90 countries. These works include painting, sculpture, drawing, print, photography, cinema, new media, architecture and design.
  • Musée Picasso - Paris 
  • Musée d’Orsay - Paris 
    Dedicated to French art dating from 1848 to 1915, including paintings, sculptures, furniture, and photography. It houses the largest collection of impressionist and post-impressionist masterpieces in the world. Some of its highlights are Manet’s On The Beach and Woman With Fans; Monet’s Gardens at Giverny; Cézanne’s Card players and still lifes; Renoir’s Ball at the Moulin de la Galette and Girls at the Piano; Degas’ Ballerinas; Toulouse-Lautrec’s Cabaret dancers; Pissarro’s The Harvest; Sisley’s View of the Canal St-Martin; and Van Gogh’s self-portraits, Bedroom in Arles and Starry Night.
  • Musée Rodin - Paris 
    Presents the masterpieces of Auguste Rodin. Iconic works in the collection include The Thinker and The Kiss.
  • Palais de Tokyo - Paris 
    Dedicated to modern and contemporary art.
  • Xippas Gallery - Paris 
    One of the largest galleries dedicated to fresh and established artists across Paris. Xippas also has showrooms and galleries in Greece, Switzerland and Uruguay,
  • DirectoriesArtsy: Museums of France | Culture Trip: Art Galleries in Paris















Art Galleries

















  • Odessa Museum of Western and Eastern Art - Odessa 
    More than 5.000 images. Paintings from Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (“Taking Christ into Custody”), Frans Hals, Teniers the Younger, Juan Carreno de Miranda, Pierre Mignard, Alessandro Magnasco, Christoffel Bischop, Jozef Israels, Mihaly Munkacsy, Albert Gustaf Edelfelt, Susanna Savary, Rockwell Kent, and others. The museum collection of Oriental art contains works by masters spanning several generations from Central and Southern Asia, the Near and Middle East. Exhibitions of the modern artists on-line. Is monthly adding about 200-300 pictures.

United Kingdom 


Museums & Galleries in the Middle East



Art Galleries




Art Galleries



  • Iran Cinema Museum - Tehran 
    The museum illustrates the 100-year history of Iranian cinema. It shows posters, equipment and on-set photos.
  • Malik National Museum of Iran - Tehran 
  • National Museum of Iran - Tehran 
  • Reza Abbasi Museum - Tehran 
    A unique collection of Persian art dating back to the second millennium BC, from both the pre-Islamic and Islamic eras. The artifacts cover a wide variety of eras as well as different nations and tribes of this region. The main collection includes manuscripts, jewellery, clay, metalwork, and lacquer paintings.
  • Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art - Tehran 
    The Museum houses the most valuable collection of Western modern art outside Europe and the United States/ It includes works of Kandinsky, Pollock, Monet, Renoir, van Gogh, Ensor, Léger, Picasso, Giacometti, Bacon, Margritte, Warhol, Miró, Hamilton, Graque, Munch, Degas, Hopper, Moore, Duchamp and many others.

Art Galleries 

  • Aaran Gallery - Tehran
    A forum for the promotion of Iranian artists, and contemporary Iranian art in general.
  • Aun Gallery - Tehran
    The Gallery shows a range of media, including painting, photography, sculpture, video and installation in order to promote young Iranian artists.
  • Home Art Gallery - Tehran
    Shows works of major established artists as well as works by emerging artists in Iran and abroad.
  • Silk Road Gallery - Tehran
    A gallery devoted to Iranian photography.
  • Culture Trip: The Ten Best Contemporary Galleries in Iran




  • Iraq Museum - Baghdad
    The huge collection tells the epic story of human civilization, from the earliest settlements to the rise and fall of vast empires. The artifacts, some of them more than 10,000 years old, show the development of everything from hunting and writing implements to mathematics, art, law, religion, and industry — and ultimately — humankind’s best and worst impulses.
  • Virtual Museum of Iraq 
    A great virtual tour through the history of Iraqi art history: Prehistoric, Sumerian, Akkadian and Neo-Sumerian, Babylonian, Assysian, Achaemenid and Seleucid, Parthan and Sasanian, and Islamic.

Art Galleries





  • Lebanese Heritage Museum - Jounieh
    Contains objects related to the history and culture of Lebanon from the Phoenician era to modern times.
  • Modern And Contemporary Art Museum (MaCaM) - Alita
    The museum holds a permanent exhibition of sculptures made in Lebanon of wood, metal and stone dating from the early 1920s to the present. It also displays various works by contemporary Lebanese ceramic artists.
  • National Museum of Beirut


Saudi Arabia


Art Galleries

United Arab Emirates


Museums & Galleries in North America



  • Chrysler Muserum of Art and Historic Houses - Norfolk, Virginia
    An encyclopedic collection of 30,000 objects spanning nearly 4,000 years of art history.
  • Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco (FAMSF)
    The ImageBase is a searchable image and text database of objects from the collections of the FAMSF. The image collection (110,000+) is one of the largest imagebases in the world.
  • Getty, The - Los Angeles, California 
    Provides glimpses into permanent collections as well as current exhibits. The J.P. Getty Museum is dedicated to the visual arts and humanities. You'll find short descriptions and some pictures of the permanent collections, and of temporary and special exhibitions. The Getty Research Institute provides information on several research projects. You can browse the publications of the institute, or search the collections using the Research Library's online catalog (IRIS) that contains records of archival and special materials, monographs, serials, media, and auction catalogs. The Collections Integrated Catalog (CIC) displays links to all public databases and provides access to subject and alphabetical lists of subscription databasesand internet links.
  • Guggenheim Museum - New York 
    Encompassing the activities of the four affiliated museum: New York, Bilbao, Venice, Berlin and Las Vegas. The site contains some excellent online exhibitions.
  • Lastpoint
    A virtual web art museum. Includes the 1st India International Digital Art Exhibition. Presented by Pygoya (a.k.a. Rodney Chang), Honolulu, Hawaii.
  • MOWA - Museum of Web Art 
    The Museum of Web Art is dedicated to presenting the art of the Web in its own environment. It primarily shows graphic design and commercial art. In the North Gallery you'll find "things that work": buttons. The West Gallery is a place for "things that move": communication in motion. The South Gallery contains "things that are constant": patterns, motifs, and textiles ("wallpaper") And the East Gallery contains "things that change": time and counters. All the exhibitions are accompanied by guides, which you can open in another browser window, to keep handy while you view. The museum also has a special exhibition and a kids wing.
  • Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) - New York 
    An impressive overview of modern art. Provides information on the collection, exhibitions, programs & events, publications, and more. You can take take an historical look an three periods in the evolution of modern art. "Modern Starts" focuses on seminal people, places, and things from the formative years [1880-1920]. "Making Choices" is a web sketchbook highlighting 24 exhibitions from the dynamic, disturbing mid-century [1920-1960]. The "Open Ends" period [1960-present] is still under construction. Each historical cycle is interspersed with works from other periods, creating a dialogue between various historical moments.
  • Museum of Fine Arts (MFA) - Boston, Massachusetts 
    With more than 450.000 works of art the MFA is one of the largest musems in the USA.
  • National Gallery of Art - Washington D.C. 
    You can look at the collection and special exibitions. There's a very good resource section were you can visit the Art Research Library, the Center for the Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, many Education Resources, the Gallery Archives, and more.
  • Philadelphia Museum of Art - Philadelphia 
  • DirectoriesAMICO - Art Museum Image Consortium | WWW Virtual Library

Museums & Galleries in South America



Art Galleries



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Art Galleries


Journals & Magazines

  • Art Journal Ideas - Pinterest
    Not a real journal, but a lot of artistic ideas for anyone who wants to start a journal on (the sociology of) modern art.
  • ArtNodes
    An e-journal promoted by the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC) which analyses the intersections between Art, Science and Technology.
  • ArtsJournal (AJ)
    A digest of some of the best arts and cultural journalism in the English-speaking world. Each day ArtsJournal features link to stories culled from around the internet, including blogs and more than 200 English-language newspapers, magazines and publications featuring writing about arts and culture. Stories from sites that charge for access have generally been excluded. The journal includes some great blogs written by prominent writers on culture.
  • British Journal of Aesthetics [table of contents]
  • Études photographiques [table of contents]
    Edited by the French society of photography, Études photographiques is the only Francophone reference review in the field of visual studies. Thanks to the contributions of the best French and foreign scholars, subjected to the rules of scientific publication, it testifies to the most recent research developments among specialists and the educated public alike. The site presents summaries of published issues, a large choice of articles that can be consulted online, as well as texts of issues that are out of stock (n° 1 to 7), editorials and published review articles.
  • Globe Journal of Contemporary Art [full text] - Australia
  • Journal of Aesthetics and Arts Criticism (JAAC) [table of contents]
    Established in 1942 by the American Society for Aesthetics, JAAC publishes current research articles, symposia, special issues, and book reviews in aesthetics and the arts.
  • Journal of Contemporary Art [full text]
    Editor: Klaus Ottmann.
  • Journal of Performance and Art (PAJ)
    PAJ explores innovative work in theatre, performance art, dance, video, writing, technology, sound, and music, bringing together all live arts in thoughtful cultural dialogue.
  • Journal of the Sociology of Art
    The journal has a particular interest in examining what is an art world and who or what are the significant players. Attention to issues related to race, gender, class, or power are also of interest. Full text articles. Editor: Robert Moore.
  • Oxford Art Journal (OAJ)
    OAJ is committed to the political analysis of visual art and material representation from a variety of theoretical perspectives, and has carried work addressing themes from Antiquity to contemporary art practice.


  • Art & History
    List of art and art history related sites, collected by Michael Kearl.
  • Internet ArtResources 
    A guide to the visual arts. With reviews, feature articles, and image catelogue, galleries, artists, museums, art schools and more.
  • World Wide Arts Resources
    Claims to be the biggest gateway to the arts on the internet. Links to art galleries, museums, exhibitions, art for sale, art schools & agencies, art history, film resources, theatre resources, dance resources. 

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