Sociology of Right
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- All Law
A large directory for all kinds of legal information. Includes a listing of online Law Journals with content. Presented by the Attorney Internet Services (AIS).
- Arrigo, Bruce A. / Young, T.R.
Theories of Crime and Crimes of Theorists - On the Topological Construction of Criminological Reality
- Berliner Arbeitskreis Rechtswirklichkeit (BAR)
- Canadian Law and Society Association (CLSA)
A group of scholars from many disciplines who are interested in the place of law in social, political, economic and cultural life. CLSA publishes the Canadian Journal of Law & Society (CJLS), sponsors an annual conference and graduate student workshop, awards prizes for socio-legal scholarship, and generally works to encourage socio-legal inquiry in Canada and internationally.
- Research Committee on the Sociology of Law (RCSL)
A free association of scholars active in sociology of law or socio-legal studies all around the world, whatever their nationality, opinion and scientific or methodological tendency. It is a section of the International Sociological Association (ISA).
- Law and Society Association (LSA)
An interdisciplinary scholarly organization committed to social scientific, interpretive, and historical analyses of law across multiple social contexts. For sociolegal scholars, law is not only the words of official documents. Law also can be found in the diverse understandings and practices of people interacting within domains that law governs, in the claims that people make for legal redress of injustices, and in the coercive power exercised to enforce lawful order. Sociolegal scholars also address evasions of law, resistance and defiance toward law, and alternatives to law in structuring social relations. LSA is based at the University of Massachusetts
- Socio-Legal Studies Association (SLSA)
An association dedicated to improving the quality of and facilities for socio-legal research. It is a forum for socio-legal scholars in the UK. The SLSA publishes the Socio-Legal Newsletter three times a year. It carries articles about research, people, meetings and conferences.
- Rechtssoziologie und Rechtswirklichkeitsforschung
Research committee of the Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Soziologie (SGS).
- Research Committee on Sociology of Law (RCSL)
A research committe of ISA (RC12).
- Vereinigung für Recht und Gesellschaft
The German association for law and society is no classic university teachers union, but a forum for all who deal of jurisprudence or different social sciences from the relationship between law and society. It promotes (i) cooperation between social sciences and jurisprudence, (ii) the integration of social science knowledge and methods in law, jurisprudence and legal practice, (iii) understanding of legal problems in the social sciences. It is a section of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Soziologie (DGS
- World Consortium of Law amd Society (WCLS)
An international federation of associations of scholars working in the field of law and society and of institutions undertaking research, teaching and training. It integrates diverse activities of law and society organizations world-wide. It aims to unite the competences of scholars throughout the world, by providing information and support, fostering collaboration, and facilitating networking.
- Deflem, Mathieu
Sociology of Law
Cambridge University Press, 2008
- Droit et Société
An European network on law and society.
A well-structured portal on French law.
An evolving portal for those interested in legal issues concerning cyberspace. It is focused on law and government and provides acces to a comprehensive online library of legal resources for use by legal professionals, consumers and small businesses.
- Foundation for Law, Justice and Society (FLJS)
FLJS is an independent institution affiliated with the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies (CSLS) and Wolfson College at the University of Oxford.The mission of the FLJS is to study, reflect on, and promote an understanding of the role of law in society. It identifies issues of contemporary interest and importance, and distil academic expertise and analysis in order to equip practitioners with knowledge of immediate relevance to their work.
- Franklin Pierce Center for Intellectual Property
- Friedman, David D.
Contracts in Cyberspace 
In modern societies contracts are enforced in two quite different ways: publicly, through the court system, and privately, largely through reputation. Friedman discusses two problems for conventional mechanisms of public contract enforcement in cyberspace. (i) An increasing fraction of commercial transacties will be between parties in different countries. The public enforcement of these contracts is more costly and uncertain than public enforcement within a single jurisdiction.(ii) Modern technologies such as public key encrtyption make possible an online world where many people do business anonymously, with reputations attached to their cyberspace, not their realspace, identities.
Turkish law and legal resources.
A moderated mailing list for the exchange of information about the practice of law in France. The site contains a very useful archive with law- and French-oriented documents.
- Provost, Wallace H.
Complex Organization and Niklas Luhmanns Sociology of Law 
Published in the International Journal of General Systems, in 1989 this article uses the principles of non-linear philosophy to illustrate and expand on the brilliant approach toward the sociology of Law of Niklas Luhmann.
- Research Centers
- Baldy Center for Law & Social Policy - State University of New York, USA
- Centre for Law and Society (CLS) - School of Law, University of Edinburgh, UK
CLS has developed an international reputation for research in legal theory, criminology, the sociology of law, and medical jurisprudence. It is a long-standing forum for exchange between scholars in philosophy of law, sociological and anthropological approaches to law, criminology and penology.
- Centre for Socio-Legal Studies - University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
- Centre for Socio-Legal Studies - University of Oxford, UK
- Center for the Study of Law & Society - Berkeley, USA
The center fosters empirical research and theoretical analysis concerning legal institutions, legal processes, legal change, and the social consequences of law.
- Foundation for Law, Justice and Society (FLJS) - Wolfson College, UK
- International Institute for the Sociology of Law (IISJ)
In 1988 the International Sociological Association’s Research Committee on the Sociology of Law and the Government of the Basque Country established this institute in Oñati, Gipuzkoa, Spain. From the outset, the Institute created academic links and collaborative relations with various European and non-European universities by providing facilities for seminars, workshops, visiting scholars and library research. The Institute has as a result grown into an important base for the global network of scholars who work on law and social science issues.
- Institute of Law and Social Sciences - Meiji University, Tokyo, Japan
- Institute for Legal Studies - University of Wisconsin, USA
- Legal Theory Research Group (LTRG) - University of Edinburgh, UK
- Legal Intersections Research Centre (LIRC) - University of Wollongong, Canada
LIRC coordinates, encourages and undertakes research that explores various dimensions of the theme of legal intersectionality.
- Sociologie du droit - Université Libre de Bruxelless, Belgium
- Roman Law Library
Specialist in the history of Rome, Alexandr Kopteve studies the Roman law in his sources in collaboration with Yves Lassard, law professor in Grenoble.
- Wikipedia: Sociology of Law
Human and Civil Rights
- Amnesty International
The well-known worldwide movement of people who campaign for internationally recognized human rights for all. They are outraged by human rights abusis but inspired by hope for a better world. Every month AI highlights human rights situations in 3 different countries. Worldwide appeals are available in English and Spanish. The site also contains: News Releases (Search or Browse), Amnesty International Country Reports (Africa, America, Asia, Europe, Middle East & North Africa), External Document summaries, Recent Amnesty International Publications, links to Human Rights on the Internet.
- Anti-Slavery International
The world's oldest international human rights organisation that works exclusively against slavery and related abuses. They urge governments of countries with slavery to develop and implement measures to end it and support research to assess the scale of slavery in order to identify measures to end it.
- Bastard Nation
An international adoptee-rights organization, which also provides links to many other international adoptee rights organizations. Bastard Nation advocates forthe civil and human rights of adult citizens who were adopted as children, and especially for the restoration of their right to access their records.
- Centre de droit international (CDI) - Free University, Bruxelles, Belgium
- Civil Society Institute (CSI)
CSI carries out activities aimed at promotion and protection of human rights. As a member of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), CSI works to promote the establishment of the rule of law and civil society in Armenia.
- Cyber-Rights & Cyber-Liberties
A non-profit civil liberties organisation founded on January 10, 1997, by Yaman Akdeniz (Centre for Criminal Justice Studies of the University of Leeds, UK). Its main purpose is to promote free speech and privacy on the Internet and raise public awareness of these issues.
- Drug & Democracy
Published jointly, by The Transnational Institute (Amsterdam), The Bolivian Documentation and Information Center, and Inforpress Centroamericana Guatemala, April 1997. Awarded the Simon Bolivar Prize 1997.
- European Court of Human Rights (ECHR)
"Any Contracting State (...) or individual claiming to be a victim of a violation of the Convention (...) may lodge directly with the Court in Strasbourg an application alleging a breach by a Contracting State of one of the Convention rights."
- Grondwet van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden [St-AB.nl]
Constitution of the Netherlands.
- Guide to European Legal Databases
The guide offers recommendations for search engines and search tips/strategies for researching foreign law topics. It includes an annotated list of European Websites useful for finding constitutional, copyright, and environmental laws. Editor: Mirela Roznovschi (The New York University Law School Reference Librarian For International and Foreign Law).
- Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights (Warsaw - Poland)
- Human and Civil Rights Organizations
Independent Charities of America.
- Human Rights Country Practices Report
Human rights practices in countries around the word. Presented by the Hellenic Resources Institute.
- Human Rights Internet (HRI)
- International NGO
An international network of groups and individuals involved in human rights and social justice work worldwide, a documentation centre, and a publishing house. The database contains information on thousands of organizations (including more than thousand organizations concerned with childrens rights information), more than 10,000 bibliographic abstracts of the literature since 1985, education programs on human rights and much more.
- Human Rights Library - University of Minnesota, USA
A collection of over ninety of the most important international human rights instruments (treaties, declarations, and other materials) together with authoritative citations. The instruments are organized by subject matter; also accessible through a new WAIS search device which allows the user to locate documents by key words or phrases. Where possible, each instrument is linked to the UN Treaty Data Base for ratification information. A parallel French-language collection of the instruments is also being added to the Library.
- Human Rights for Workers
A site that supports the global struggle for the freedom of working men, women, and children. The site has no formal connection with any organization but relies on the work of many organizations around the world for information, insights, and inspiration. Editor: Robert A. Senser.
- Human Rights Watch (HRW)
HRW conducts regular systematic investigations of human rights abuses in some seventy countries around the world. It addresses the human rights practices of governments of all political stripes, of all geopolitical alignments, and of all ethnic and religious persuasions.
- Human Rights Web
International and regional/national resources on human rights work and organizations. Editor: Catherine Hampton.
- Inter-American Human Rights Database
A searchable database with documents ratified by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, beginning with the commissions inception in 1960 and spanning to the present. It includes the commissions annual reports, sessional reports, and special situational reports. The database is an initiative of the Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at the American Universitys Washington College of Law.
- International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
Helps all victims of war and internal violence,attempting to ensure implementation of humanitarian rules restricting armed violence.
- International Federation for Human Rights (CSI)
- International Humanitarian Law Database (IHL)
The International Committee of the Red Cross presents the full text of treaties, commentaries on the Geneva Conventions, a list of signatures, ratifications relating to IHL treaties, and the full text of reservations. All these materials can be browsed or searched by keyword.
- Krug - The Circle
A regional public organization that stands for the civil rights of gays, lesbians, bisexuals abd transgendered people in Murmansk, Russia.
- Netherlands Institute of Human Rights - Studie- en Informatiecentrum Mensenrechten (SIM)
A centre of human rights research in the Netherlands that conducts and promotes research and collects relevant documentation concerning all human rights. English and Dutch version.
- Moscow School of Human Rights
A non-governmental and non-commercial organization functioning in the sphere of additional education. They are working out a strategy and programmes of civic, human rights, democracy, peace, law, and political education. And they (re)train secondary and high school teachers, leaders of human rights movement, state employees. The site includes information about the activities of the Russian Federation Presidential Commission on Human Rights.
- OSCE - Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR)
The aim of the ODIHR is to assist the participating states of the OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-opereation in Europe) build democratic institutions and implement their human dimension commitment.
- Privacy Forum, The
A moderated digest for the discussion and analysis of issues relating to the general topic of privacy (both personal and collective) in the "information age" of the 1990's and beyond. Topics include a wide range of telecommunications, information/database collection and sharing, and related issues, as pertains to the privacy concerns of individuals, groups, businesses, government, and society at large. The manners in which both the legitimate and the controversial concerns of business and government interact with privacy considerations are also topics for the digest. The forum is supported in part by the ACM (Association for Computing Machinery) Committee on Computers and Public Policy, "internetMCI" (a service of the Data Services Division of MCI Telecommunications Corporation), and Cisco Systems, Inc.
- Researching Indigenous Peoples Rights under International Law
A guide to researching international law and indigenous peoples rights. By Steven C. Perkins (Univ. Cincinnati, USA).
- School of Human Rights Research (Onderzoekschool Rechten van de Mens)
An inter-university alliance, a joint effort of the Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Humanities of Utrecht University, and the Faculties of Law of Maastricht University, Erasmus University of Rotterdam
and the Catholic University of Brabant. The Research School comprises a communal/collective research and training programme, and aims to unite researchers in the field of human rights. The central research theme is the nature and meaning of international standards in the field of human rights, their application and promotion within the national legal order, and the international supervision of such application.
- Statewatch Database
A UK-based research institute monitoring the state and civil liberties in the European Union.
- United Nations Center for Human Rights
Property Rights - Copyright - Intellectual Property
- Association of Research Libraries
ARL provides all kinds of resources on copyright and intellectual property.
- Australian Copyright Act - Commonwealth Consolidated Acts.
- Barlow, John Perry
- Berne Convention for the protection of literary and artistic works (Paris text 1971).
- Brinson, J. Dianna / Radcliffe, Mark F.
Multimedia Law Manual 
An intellectual property law primer for multimedia and web developers.
- Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO)
Responsable for the administration and processing of the greater part of Intellectual Property in Canada.
- Carroll, Terry
Frequently asked questions with answers relating to copyright law, particularly that of the United States.
- Center for Advanced Study and Research on Intellectual Property (CASRIP) - University of Wahsington, USA
A research and policy institute on patent right and other property rights. Contains information on the differences in intellectual property laws in serveral countries.
- Copyright and Intellectual Property Issues - English Server.
- Copyright Website, The
Editor: Benedict OMahoney.
- Dhamee, Yousuf
Intellectual Property Law and the Net
An introduction to the intellectual property law on the internet. It discusses how the notions of authorship and ownership of intellectual property are influenced by changes in information technology. Are individuals who access or link to other Web sites without permission deprive authorship rights? Why don't owners of Websites who do not want their material accessed, simply remove it from the Web? Can Internet carriers be held accountable for the violations of their clients? The courts must decide how closely Internet technology resembles traditional printing devices. And the law must find a way of striking many balances: progress and protection, remuneration and recognition.
- European Commission
An overview of copyright issues in Europe and worldwide. The European Commission works to harmonise laws relating to industrial property rights in EU countries to avoid barriers to trade and to create efficient EU-wide systems for the protection of such rights. It fights against piracy and counterfeiting and aims to help businesses, especially small businesses, access and use intellectual property rights more effectively.
- Fisher, Janet
Copyright: The Glue of the System
In: Journal of Electronic Publishing, 1(1/2), January 1995
Copyright has become a battleground. Librarians and publishers are the two ends of the scholarly communication chain. Many librarians see copyright as the element that will provide the way out of their budget problems. Many publishers see it as essential to maintaining sales of their publications. Neither side is without its bias, and very little in the way of compromise has been offered. As a non-lawyer, it is impossible for me to comment on the legal technicalities of copyright law. Fisher discusses the practicalities of current copyright policies and hypothesizes how the system might change if the new policies being discussed now became reality. The changes being proposed are intended to shift control of dissemination of published materials from publishers to either authors or their universities. She assumes that the result would be an improvement. However, without the basic assurances that copyright gives the ability of the research community to determine value would disintegrate and research output would be harmed.
- Friedman, David D.
- Google Groups: misc.int-property
Discussion group on moral and legal problems and intellectual property.
- Hugenholtz, Bernt P. - Institute for Information Law, University of Amsterdam)
- IFLA - International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions
- Simthsonian Libraries
Intellectual Property: A Pathfinder for Librarians and Educators
This oathfinder for native peoples, students, educators and the general public includes resources, biographies, periodicals, and related Internet sites, including copy right agents and collectives.
- Franklin Pierce Center for Intellectual Property - University of New Hampshire
- Journal of Electronic Publishing (JEP) [full text]
A free electronic archive of articles on electronic publishing. Editor: Colin Day (Univ. of Michigan Press). See especially the March 1999 issue: Who Owns What? (Intellectual Property, Copyright, and the Next Millennium).
- Journal on Legislation (JOL) [full-text]
An electronic publication of scholarly essays about law and online communications-law and cyberspace. It provides a forum for scholarship on legislative reform and on the efficiency and effectiveness of legislative decision-making. JOL is especially interested in publishing articles that examine public policy problems of national significance and propose legislative solutions.
- Journal of Law and Information Science (JLIS) [table of contents + abstracts]
An international, cross-disciplinary journal devoted to issues relating to law and information science. The journal publishes twice yearly. Examples of topics include articles on law and artificial intelligence/ expert systems; computer law, intellectual property law issues, privacy concerns, computer crime, electronic commerce, use of technology in legal practice, technological developments in legal education, etc.
- Journal of Technology Law & Policy (JLTP) [full-text] - University of Florida College of Law.
The Journal began as a project of the Internet and Computer Law Association, a University of Florida student organization, but has existed as a separate student organization since the Spring of 1996. It publishes articles concerning legal issues in technology as well as policy.
- Rutgers Computer & Technology Law Journal (RCTLJ) - Rutgers University
Provides practitioners and scholars with a guide to legal issues arising from society's interaction with computers and emerging technologies. Semi-annually, the journal publishes authoritative articles, essays and book reviews by leading commentators and jurists, as well as other topical pieces, including symposia and proposals for statutory revision. In addition to providing respected commentary, the journal serves as an invaluable research tool by cataloging technological articles from over 800 periodicals in its Selected Bibliography on Computers, Technology and the Law. Includes great indexes on title and author.
- Lean, Michael M. - Queensland University of Technology
Copyright and the World Wide Web 
- Litman, Jessica - Wayne State University, USA
- Managing Electronic Documents in Australian Government Agencies - Commonwealth of Australia 1995
"Modern technology has created a situation where documents are easily copied and transferred from one medium to another. No single medium now holds all the documents and records relating to an agency's business activities. Due consideration needs to be given to all sources in order to identify authoritative versions of documents; all sources should be managed, in a manner appropriate to their environment, in order to preserve and provide access to business documents. .. Paper is still the most widely used medium for the storage of information. However, there has been a decline in the effectiveness of records management practices in organisations over the last decade due to changes in work practices, devolution of records management responsibilities to regional units and individual sections, and a lack of trained and qualified records management staff. The decline in control over paper records has not been compensated by a corresponding increase in control over electronic records. Personal computer users often create, manage and destroy electronic documents independently of any formal management regime. Government agencies, like other organisations, are in a period of transition from the use of paper documents to dependency on electronic documents. Unless corporate management practices, incorporating records management and archival requirements, are applied to these documents, they place themselves in a vulnerable position in terms of business and Government accountability."
- Oppenheim, Charles -De Montfort University, UK
Copyright in an Electronic Age
- P-LAW Legal Resource Locator
A starting point for research, be it by attorneys or non-legal professionals, into the myriad disciplines involved in today's increasingly "legalistic" society. A great guide where you get a structured list of information resources on: legislative & other government information sites, multy category references sites, specialized topic sites, miscellaneous sites, statistical information sites, and a topical index of resources. Very precise and hard work done by Kenneth M. Perry (New York, USA).
- Proudhon, Pierre Joseph
What is Property? An Inquiry into the Principle of Right and of Government 
One of the most classical attacks on private property: Property is Theft! - capitalist steal the profits from laborers. Translated by Benjamin R. Tucker.
- Public Domain Information
Public Domain (PD) began in the early-1980's as an experimental music group that did occasional performances around Atlanta. PD now provides resources for the organization's commitment to experimental music and noise. It helps to identify public domain songs and music: "royalty fee music you can use anywhere and any way you choose."
- Samuelson, Pauline
The Copyright Grab
In: Wired, 4.01, 1996.
Her message is clear: "Stop the Clinton Copyright Grab! The Administration's white paper on intellectual property in the digital era is a wholesale giveaway of the public's rights. (..) If legislation recommended in its White Paper on Intellectual Property and the National Information Infrastructure is enacted, your traditional user rights to browse, share, or make private noncommercial copies of copyrighted works will be rescinded. Not only that, your online service provider will be forced to snoop through your files, ready to cut you off and turn you in if it finds any unlicensed material there. The white paper regards digital technology as so threatening to the future of the publishing industries that, it argues, the public must be stripped of all the rights that copyright law has long recognized - including rights of privacy."
- Smithsonian Libraries
Intellectual Property: A Pathfinder for Librarians and Educators
This oathfinder for native peoples, students, educators and the general public includes resources, biographies, periodicals, and related Internet sites, including copy right agents and collectives.
- Strategic Patent Web Site - R&J Patent Drafting: U.S. & Foreign Patent Illustrations.
Includes a comprehensive intellectual property guide.
- Strong, William S.
- Kotin, Crabtree, and Strong, Attorneys at Law, Boston, MA
- Templeton, Brad
10 Big Myths about Copyright Explained
Templeton tries to answer common myths about copyright seen on the net and covers issues related to copyright and USENET/Internet publication. You can also read his Brief Introduction to copyright.
- United States Copyright Office
Presented by The Library of Congress. The site has been created with the desire to serve the copyright community of creators and users, as well as the general public. The site provides their key publications, including informational circulars, application forms for copyright registration, links to the copyright law and to sites of outer copyright-related organizations, news and press releases. For an introduction read the Copyright Basics.
- U.S. Copyright Act of 1976, including amentment of 1994
- U.S. Supreme Court Intellectual Property Decisions
- Vleesch du Bois, Matthijs
Auteursrechthandhaving in een digitale omgeving 
A Dutch thesis on copyrights in a digital environment.
- Who Owns What? - Intellectual Property, Copyright, and the Next Millennium
In the March 1999 issue, the "Journal of Electronic Publishing" (JEP) examines the challenges and opportunities for intellectual property and copyright in the digital age. The articles examine topics such as the current state of electronic publishing, rights management and digital identifier systems, the future of scholarly publishing, libraries as publishers, and open source software as a model for managing intellectual property.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
A specialised agency of the United Nations which is responsible for promoting the protection of intellectual property worldwide and for the administration of multilateral treaties dealing with the legal and administrative aspects of intellectual property. The site contains the full text of all the treaties administered by WIPO with information on the countries which have ratified them.
Internet Resource for Writers, Editors, Publishers & Agents. Including the database of Published Writers.
Crime and Social Deviance Anomie
a behavior that violates social norms and values shared by people in a particular culture.
a particular form of deviance consisting of acts that violate norms that have been enacted into
the scientific study of criminal trends in both the individual and society.
- Access to Justice Network Canada (AJCnet)
The ACJNet opens doors to legislation, people and organizations, publications, databases and discussion forums on justice and legal issues. The resources are organized under subject headings such as: aboriginal people, crime prevention, plain language, women, and youth.
- American Mafia
History of the American mafia and portraits of mafia bosses. Editor: Thoma P. Hunt (New Milfort, USA).
- Annual Report on Organized Crime in Canada (1997-now) - Criminal Intelligence Service Canada (CISC)
A full-text report on all kind of organized crimes (illegal migration, illicit drug trade, contraband smuggling, money laundering, counterfeit activity, securities fraud) and criminals (asians, east europeans, arboriginals, italians, and hells angels. And this is one of the interesting conclusions: "The Internet and various technological innovations are beginning to have a serious impact on proceeds of crime and white collar offences. Major criminal organizations continue to exploit legal and regulatory shortcomings to launder large sums of money in Canada. Some will realize the potential of various Internet financial services to communicate and to carry out money laundering operations. The Internet is also being used increasingly to trade and distribute securities. This environment is difficult to regulate and may lead to an increase in securities fraud and manipulation. Technology like scanners, computer graphics software and high quality colour printers, meanwhile, make counterfeiting relatively simple and put it within the capabilities even of smaller criminal organizations." And once more: "The growth of financial services, including the birth of Internet banking, may well create new money laundering opportunities and facilitate the international transfer of illicit funds. The full impact of such growth on laundering trends and patterns in Canada and abroad remains to be seen, however.
- Banca dati della Memoria
Archive on the 'mysteries' of Italian politics: the Freemason Lodge P2, the Files of the parliamentary Anti-Mafia Commission, the Mafia-indictment of former Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti etc. (in Italian).
- Centro Siciliano di Documentazione "Giuseppe Impastato"
A research institute on the Sicilian Mafia, based in Palermo, with chronology on mafia events.
- Centre de Recherches Sociologiques sur le Droit et les Institutions Pénales (CESDIP)
- Child Prostitution
Goa, former Portuguese colony and one-time hippie paradise, is at risk of overtaking Bangkok as Asia's main sex resort, as paedophiles prey in increasing numbers on Indian children, reports Gemini News Service. International campaigners against child sex abuse are joining forces with local social activists to fight the menace. Editor: Rahul Bedi (New Delhi, India).
- Computer Forensics, Cybercrime and Steganography Resources
- Crime stats Netherlands 1995 (Dutch) - CBS
Includes stats on insecurity feelings and a general overview.
- Criminal Justice Center (NCJRS)
The National Criminal Justice Reference Service is one of the most extensive sources of information on criminal and juvenile justice in the world. It provides services to an international community of policymakers and professionals. NCJRS is a collection of clearinghouses supporting all bureaus of the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs: the National Institute of Justice, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the Office for Victims of Crime, and the OJP Program Offices. It also supports the Office of National Drug Control Policy. The search function not only searches NCJRS's Justice Information Center web site, but also and the web sites of the agencies of the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs and the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy.
- Criminal Justice Pursuit
An educational resource specializing in criminal justice and careers. It also presents an extensive compilation of stats, trends and news on criminal justice.
- Criminological Theory
An introduction in criminolocial theorie and an overview of different schools: from the early classical school, the biological & psychological theories to modern labeling theories, social control theories and conflict theories. Editor: Diane M. DeMelo.
- Critical Criminology
American Society of Criminology. Maintained by: Jim Thomas.
- Cybercrimes - The University of Dayton School of Law, USA
Information on various cybercrimes: cracking, cryptography, gambling, hacking, phreaking, pornography, virii.
- Cybrary of Criminal Justice Links
Editor: Frank Schalleger.
- Ferri, Enrico
Enrico Ferri and Criminal Sociology by Gaspare Nicotri (1929)
In: Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 20:2.
- Groupe européen de recherches sur les normativités (GERN)
An European scientific network working on norms, deviance and delinquency in nine Wester European countries. The network is composed of some forty centres and researchers in different fields.
- Human Trafficking - UNODC
Trafficking in persons is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)is a guardian of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC). It assists states in their efforts to implement the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons
- International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy (ICCLR) - Vancouver, Canada
An independent, non-profit institute, officially affiliated with the United Nations dedicated to making a substantial contribution to national and international efforts to reduce crime and improve justice.
- International Centre for the Prevention of Crime (ICPC) - Québec, Canada
Information on crime as a human and economic challenge and crime prevention as a way to meet the challenge; international crime prevention trends en examples of succesful crime preventions; an action program and a selected bibliography. The ICPC's mission is to assist cities and countries to reduce delinquency, violent crime and insecurity.
- International Association for the Study of Organized Crime (IASOC)
- Learning Criminal Surveillance: A Criminology Resource Guide
Created by Lowell Bradford.
- Núcleo de Estudos da Cidadania: Conflito e Violência Urbana
Brazilian sociological site on urban violence and criminality. Stats, graphs and texts online or pdf (in portuguese). Based at the Universidad Federal do Rio de Janeiro.
- Organized Crime - United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
Explains and illustrates transnational organized crime. Includes the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (CTOC) and the Protocols thereto.
- Old West Outlaw Gangs - Legends of America
During the 1800s, Americans were fascinated by gangs and their members such as the James Gang, Billy the Kids Gang, the Doolin-Dalton Gang, the Wild Bunch and dozens of others that ruled the Wild West. Though the history of these Old West gangs is often romanticized, it should not be forgotten that they were in fact, nothing more than thugs.
- Research Centres
- Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC)
The AIC provides information on crime and criminal justice in Australia. It provides materials to help educate policymakers, joutnalists, and the interested public. The publication section contains two series. In "Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice" you'll find informative and topical papers which explore, describe, and explain policy related to crime and the criminal justice system. In "Research and Public Policy" you'll find original research, conference proceedings and statistical works. The "Annual Reports" section contains extensive statistical profiles of crime in Australia. And last but not least: the site contains a very good annotated links section, structured in subsections: Documents & Reports, Government Sites, Research and University Sites, and International Sites.
- Centre de recherches criminologiques (CRC) - Free University, Bruxelles, Belgium
- Centre for Criminology - University of Hong Kong
- Computer Crime Research Center (CCRC) - Ukraine
A Ukrainian institute that has been created to conduct research into computer-related crime, to conduct seminars on the topic and to faciliate an international exchange of ideas on the topic.
- Institute of Criminology - University of Sydney, Australia
Their publications include the journal Current Issues in Criminal Justice (without any on-line content).
- Instituto Brasileiro Giovanni Falcone (IBGF)
Brazilian Institute in São Paulo on organized crime in Brazil (In Portuguese).
- Nathanson Centre for the Study of Organized Crime and Corruption - Osgoode Hall Law School, York University, Toronto, Canada
Includes a great bibliographic database on organized crime and corruption.
- Scottish Centre for Crime & Justice Research (SCCJR)
- University of Glasgow, UK
- Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology (NSFK) - University of Iceland
The purpose of the Council is to further criminological research witin member countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden), and advise the Scandinavian governments and the Nordic Council on issues related to criminology. Provides books and reports published by the Council, information on criminological and sociological events and some relevant links.
- Schekall, Regina - Santa Clara, California, USA
Organized Crime - The Crime Statistics Site
Introductory information about the location of crime data, limitations of data sources, how crime rates are calculated, and how you can calculate your own. A very useful book for students who are learning the ropes of crime statistics.
- Sociology of Crime and Law Enforcement - Online Publications - Sociology in Switzerland
- Sourcebookd of Criminal Justice Statistics - University of Albany
Statistics and records on criminal justice systems, public attitudes towards crime, nature of known offenses, and more.
- The Redwood Highway - Sonoma State University, USA
An annotated collection of links that deal with the nature, extent, control and prevention of crime. It is devoted to helping us understand the nature of our crime problems as well as how our laws, punishments, and relatively meager prevention strategies have developed and can be changed. There are also links to the scientific study of crime, electronic and print publication, and the profession of criminology.
- Yoon, Youngik
International Sexual Slavery
- Young, T.R. - Michigan, USA
A Marxian Theory of Crime
A brief critique of theory in American criminology as well as a critique of the distorted ways in which American criminology permits crime to be defined. He outlines the propositions on the origins of crime in a variety of differing modes of production emphasizing the social sources of crime in capitalist systems.
- Wenger, Morton G. / Bonomo, Thomas A.
Crime, Crisis, and Social Revolution: The Progressive Thesis in Marxist Criminology
- Debatin, Bernhard - Leipzig, Germany
Ethische Grenzen oder Grenze der Ethik? - Überlegungen zur Steuerungs- und Reflexionsfunktion der Medienethik
Article on media ethics.
- Ethics Connection, The
A great site for people who are interested in strategies to heighten ethical awareness and improve ethical decision making. The site includes an interactive forum for the discussion of ethical issues; an extensive collection of the latest news and publications on ethics, the Markkula Center's own quarterly "Issues in Ethics"; a collection of case studies on ethics, a Practicing Ethics section with numerous resources for day-to-day ethical decision making; and a compilation of 900 ethical links (all categorized, rated, and reviewed).
- Ethics Updates
Provides updates on current popular and professional literature that relates to ethics. Resources on ethical theory (moral theory, ethical relativism, ethical egoism, utilitarianism, rights theories etc) and applied ethics (abortion, dead penalty, sexual orientation, animal rights, reproductive technologies, race and ethnicity, envirenmental ethics, euthanasia, gender and sexism, word hunger). Editor: Lawrence M. Hinman (Values Institute at the University of San Diego, USA).
- Institute for Business & Professional Ethics (IBPE) - DePaul University, Chicago, IL, USA
IBPE encourages ethical deliberation in decision-makers by stirring their moral conscience, encouraging moral imagination, and stimulating research into business innovation and practices. It serves as a forum for exploring and fostering ethical practices in Chicago area business organizations
The institute publishes Business & Professional Ethics Journal (BPEJ), an on-line journal of business ethics which will allow readers to submit comments directly to the authors.
- Jones, Robert Alun - University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign
The Ethics of Research in Cyberspace
In: Internet Research 4(3), 1994 pp. 30-35.
Social scientists should pursue their scholarship with courtesy, civility, and a respect for the privacy and dignity of their subjects. But while we know (in most cases) what these things mean in more traditional communities, we are confused about what they mean in cyberspace. Are the so-called Neurenberg Code or the Belmont principles applicable to research involving human subjects in cyberspace? Or must they be significantly revised to fit research within the new environment of virtual communities? Does "privacy" mean the same thing in cyberspace that it means in other spaces?
- Journal of Ethics [abstracts]
A journal of cutting edge research in the field of business & professional ethics.
Police Law Enforcement
- Deflem, Mathieu (ed.) - University of South Carolina, USA
Police Occupational Culture
An excellent list of links to a variety of law enforcement sites. The policy agencies of the world are organized by country or state/province within a country.
 Policing Integration. The Sociology of Police Coordination Work
- Google Groups: alt.law-enforcement
- International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP)
The source for law enforcement information technology.
- Manning, Peter K. / Martin, Jeffrey
 Police: A Sociology of Knowledge Approach
- Police Foundation
- Washington, DC, USA
A non-profit foundation dedicated to helping the police be more effective in doing their job. The central focus is on research - experiments and studies to try out alternative possibilities for policing
- Police Guide
One of the largest police sites on the internet. There are galleries for police firearms, antique cop photos and crime scene photos, dress battons and British tipstaves, famous outlaws and lawmen. Created by Jim Casey.
For modern sociology the core problem of police has been, and continues to be, the extrication of the concept police from the forms and institutions in which it has been realized and the symbols and concealments in which it has been wrapped.
dr. Albert Benschop
Social & Behavioral Studies
University of Amsterdam
22nd September, 2016