Introduction | History | Theory & Research | Bibliographies
|Web Design and Navigation|
|Introductions to Hypertext|
A glossary of terms used in hypertext.
|History of Hypertext|
 Memory Machines: The Evolution of Hypertext
A study on the history of hypertext. It tells both the human and the technological story by weaving together contemporary literature and exclusive interviews with those at the forefront of hypertext innovation, tracing its evolutionary roots back to the analogue machine imagined by Vannevar Bush in 1945.
 As We May Think
In: Atlantic Monthly, July 1945.
This article is the starting point for hypertext and literary theory.
 Bush Symposium, MIT, Oct. 12-13, 1995.
 Memex animation - Vannevar Bushs diagrams made real [2:33]
A recording of a Macromedia Director application that was built to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Bushs 1945 "As we may think" paper. The application was built by Dynamic Diagrams and was distributed at the ACM SIGIR conference in 1995.
 Hypertext '87 Keynote Address
In: Communications of the ACM 31(7).
 Mother of All Demos
On December 9th, 1968 Doug Engelbart appeared on stage at the Fall Joint Computer Conference in San Francisco to give his slated presentation, titled A Research Center for Augmenting Human Intellect, where he spent the next 90 minutes not only telling about his work, but demonstrating it live to a spellbound audience that filled the hall. It was the first exhibition of integrated point-and-click, windows, hypertext, hyperlinking, word processing display editing and collaborative computing nearly three decades before such cyber-environments became the norm.
 Toward augmenting the human intellect and boosting our collective IQ
In: Communications of the ACM 38(8):30-61.
 Augmenting Societys Collective IQ [21:45]
 A New Paradigm for Humanitys Collective IQ [5:58]
Tour the highlights of Dougs driving vision for humanity and early implementations of that vision 3 from augmenting human intellect to boosting collective IQ, from the friendly computer mouse to hypertext, from online collaboration to the mother of all demos, from navigating with precision to networked communities, from digital libraries to the ARPAnet to discovery of a capability frontier to be mapped out and explored Doug Engelbart revolutionized the way we think and work together. This video was produced by Logitech with the Computer History Museum and Friday Films (c) 2013 as a tribute to the late Doug Engelbart on the 45th Anniversary of his Mother of All Demos.
 Internet Hall of Fame: Internet Pioneer’s Greatest Contribution May Not Be Technological
Computer History Museum: Douglas C. Engelbart
Doug Engelbart Institute
Hypertext at Brown
Since the work of Ted Nelson and Andries van Dam in the 1960s, Brown University (USA) has played a major rol in the design and development of both hypertext systems and materials. Landow leads us to some highlights of hypertext at Brown.
[1992/5] Hypertext: The Convergence of Contemporary Literary Theory and Technology
In this amplified and updated version of chapter one Landow discusses the history of the concept of hypertext. Like many others who write on hypertext and literary theory, he argues we must abandon conceptual systems founded upon ideas of center, margin, hierarchy, and linearity and replace them by ones of multilinearity, nodes, links and networks. This paradigm shift marks a revolution in human thought which has profound implications for literarute, education, and politics.
Baltimore & London: John Hopkins University Press.
Landow has brought together a distinguished group of authorities to explore more fully the implications of hypertextual reading for contemporary literary theory.
John Hopkins University Press
 Hypertext 3.0 - Critical Theory and New Media in an Era of Globalization
From Intermedia to Microcosm, Storyspace, and the World Wide Web, Landow offers specific information about the kinds of hypertext, different modes of linking, attitudes toward technology, and the proliferation of pornography and gambling on the Internet.
John Hopkins University Press
Project Xanadu: History
|Hypertext Theory & Research|
 The Gutenberg Elegies: The Fate of Reading in An
Boston/London: Faber & Faber.
Will hypertext ever be accepted by a mass readership as something more than a sophisticated Nintendo game played with language? What will readers do when they are faced with the choice between univocal and polyvocal, linear and open texts? It could be that they will opt for the more traditional package and that the reading act will remain rooted in the original giver-receiver premise because this offers readers something they want: a chance to subject the anarchic subjectivity to another's disciplined imagination, a chance to be taken in unsuspected directions under the guidance of some singular sensibility. But the stable hierarchies of the printed page one of the defining norms of the conventional local world are being superseded by the rush of impulses through freshly minted circuits. The displacement of the page by the screen is not yet total ...but the large scale tendency in that direction has to be obvious to anyone who looks.
 Hypertext: Of Mouse and Man
 The Network of Knowledge
Chapter 14 of Engines of Creation: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology 2.0
 Electric Language: A Philosophical Study of Word Processing
All changes in writing technology tend to change the wat we percieve the world. Heim ponders how the word processor has affected language use and our ideas about it. Word-processing has a real philosophical edge. It has implications for traditional questions in ontology and epistemology. If the technology of the word-processor percolates, through some electronic medium, from the author to reader, philosophers may have to think again about the ways we do things with words and the method by which language conveys content [Adam Hodgkin, Times Literary Supplement].
New Have & London: Yale University Press
 The Feng Shui of Virtual Worlds
 Naviguer entre les livres, les ordinateurs et la discussion
 Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (Oxford University Press)
Cyberspace | Multimedia | Virtual Reality
 The Reduction of the Book
Digital text does not replace the book, nor is the book required to re-assert its traditional territory in the ecology of reading and writing. Rather, the book undergoes a reduction in which its niche is clarified and strengthened, and at the same time, the digital text settles into its role in an expanding evolution of the cultural environment.
A journal for teachers of writing in webbed environments. Many of the papers it publishes are interesting hypertexts, albeit the limitations of the Web -- latency, absence of dynamic links, featuritis -- are often evident.
TEKKAlogue is a weblog supplement to TEKKA, a subscription-based Web magazine about enjoying new media and software aesthetics. TEKKA is a Web magazine about enjoying new media and software aesthetics; it offers its readers in-depth articles on art and technology. TEKKAlogue offers tidbits of fresh and interesting news on hypertext, new media, art and technology.
 Hypertextual Dynamics in A Life Set for Two
Proceedings of the Seventh ACM Conference on Hypertext (Washington, DC, 1996).
In most hypertexts the contents of nodes and the positions of links are fixed. Making these elements dynamic can help writers solve structural problems and help prevent navigational dilemmas for readers. Kendell's hypertext poem A Life Set for Two demonstrates several techniques for doing this. Floating links are positioned dynamically in response to the reader's progress. Variable nodes change their texts according to factors such as their context within the current reading. The texts of individual nodes are also influenced by global states: setttings that can be changed manually by the reader or automatically by the program. A compelling combination of poetry and programming.
 Tales from the Hard Disk
Reflections on the appeal of electronic literature and the inherent relationships between poetry and computer code.
 The Editor as Technician
media editors of the nontraditional roles they must take on in preparing new media literature for publication ( In: Proceedings of 5th International Digital Arts and Culture Conference, Melbourne, 2003.
A discussion of the nontraditional roles media editors must take on in preparing new media literature for publication.
 Scientific communication as an object of science
 From print to what?
[1996/2001] Radiant Textuality: Literary Studies after the World Wide Web
Has any of you written research in hypertext format? Would you accept a dissertation written in hypertext? These questions reflected an anxiety that is common because of the startling impact of technological change on humanities and literary study. In McGann’s vision, the anxiety grows from certain unhelpful and erroneous assumptions about the nature of the technology, on the one hand, and the traditional work of critical research and study on the other.
 The Xanadu Ideal
Nelson explains why the Xanadu system is "completely different" from any other plan for multimedia and electronic literature. Nelson c.s. are striving to create "a unified, universal literature, available to everyone both as readers and contributors, instantly available everywhere, with the ability to publish connections freely. That is, anyone may publish footnotes, comments, disagreements, and anyone may quote, republish, anthologise and otherwise re-use everthing in the system -- provided that the republication stays within the Xanadu world."
|Bibliographies on Hypertext|
|WebDesign and Navigation Structures|
 User Interface Design Tips, Techniques, and Principles
 Interview: Elizabeth Boling
 Portfolio Talk [34:16]
Professor Boling talks to students in the Indiana University School of Informatics and Computing about how to build an online portfolio.
 Top Ten Mistakes in Web Design
 Banish the Hamburger Menu, Adopt Pizza Menus
Introduction to Web Accessibility
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines
Guidelines that explain how to make Web content accessible to people with disabilities.
dr. Albert Benschop
Social & Behavioral Studies
University of Amsterdam
|Last modified||23rd December, 2017|